The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1.  Abrams, Marc D.; Dickmann, Donald I. 1984. Floristic composition before        and after prescribed fire on a jack pine clear-cut site in northern        lower Michigan. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 14: 746-749.        [7236]
  • 10.  Bamberg, Samuel A.; Major, Jack. 1968. Ecology of the vegetation and        soils associated with calcareous parent materials in three alpine        regions of Montana. Ecological Monographs. 38(2): 127-167.  [12554]
  • 100.  Nimlos, Thomas J.; Van Meter, Wayne P.; Daniels, Lewis A. 1968. Rooting        patterns of forest understory species as determined by radioiodine        absorption. Ecology. 49(6): 1145-1151.  [4120]
  • 101.  Noste, Nonan V. 1982. Vegetation response to spring and fall burning for        wildlife habitat improvement. In: Baumgartner, David M., compiler &        editor. Site preparation and fuels management on steep terrain:        Proceedings of a symposium; 1982 February 15-17; Spokane, WA. Pullman,        WA: Washington State University, Cooperative Extension: 125-132.  [1784]
  • 103.  Olson, Jerry S. 1958. Rates of succession and soil changes on southern        Lake Michigan sand dunes. Botanical Gazette. 119(3): 125-170.  [10557]
  • 104.  Parker, Robert, compiler. 1982. Reaction of various plants to 2,4-D,        MCPA, 2,4,5-T, silvex and 2,4-DB. Pullman, WA: Washington State        University, College of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension. 61 p. In        cooperation with: U.S. Department of Agriculture.  [1817]
  • 105.  Pase, Charles P. 1958. Herbage production and composition under immature        ponderosa pine stands in the Black Hills. Journal of Range Management.        11: 238-243.  [1823]
  • 107.  Pfister, Robert D.; Kovalchik, Bernard L.; Arno, Stephen F.; Presby,        Richard C. 1977. Forest habitat types of Montana. Gen. Tech. Rep.        INT-34. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 174 p.  [1878]
  • 108.  Pojar, Jim. 1975. Hummingbird flowers of British Columbia. Syesis. 8:        25-28.  [6537]
  • 11.  Berg, Arthur R. 1974. Arctostaphylos Adans. manzanita. In: Schopmeyer,        C. S., technical coordinator. Seeds of woody plants in the United        States. Agric. Handb. 450. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service: 228-231.  [7428]
  • 110.  Reed, Robert M. 1971. Aspen forests of the Wind River Mountains,        Wyoming. American Midland Naturalist. 86(2): 327-343.  [1951]
  • 111.  Remphrey, W. R.; Steeves, T. A.; Neal, B. R. 1983. The morphology and        growth of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry): an architectural        analysis. Canadian Journal of Botany. 61: 2430-2450.  [2963]
  • 112.  Remphrey, W. R.; Neal, B. R.; Steeves, T. A. 1983. The morphology and        growth of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry): an architectural model        simulating colonizing growth. Canadian Journal of Botany. 61( 451):        2451-2457.  [2964]
  • 113.  Rowe, J. S. 1956. Uses of undergrowth plant species in forestry.        Ecology. 37(3): 461-473.  [8862]
  • 114.  Rowe, J. S. 1983. Concepts of fire effects on plant individuals and        species. In: Wein, Ross W.; MacLean, David A., eds. SCOPE 18: The role        of fire in northern circumpolar ecosystems. Chichester; New York: John        Wiley & Sons: 135-154.  [2038]
  • 115.  Rowe, J. S.; Scotter, G. W. 1973. Fire in the boreal forest. Quaternary        Research. 3: 444-464.  [72]
  • 116.  Rosatti, Thomas J. 1982. Trichome variation and the ecology of        Arctostaphylos in Michigan. Michigan Botanist. 21: 171-180.  [13059]
  • 117.  Rosatti, Thomas J. 1987. Field and garden studies of Arctostaphylos        uva-ursi (Ericaceae) in North America. Systematic Botany. 12(1): 61-77.        [2025]
  • 118.  Rudolf, Paul O. 1950. Forest plantations in the Lake States. Tech. Bull.        1010. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture. 171 p.  [13463]
  • 119.  Sampson, Arthur W.; Jespersen, Beryl S. 1963. California range        brushlands and browse plants. Berkeley, CA: University of California,        Division of Agricultural Sciences, California Agricultural Experiment        Station, Extension Service. 162 p.  [3240]
  • 120.  Scheiner, Samuel M.; Teeri, James A. 1981. A 53-year record of forest        succession following fire in northern lower Michigan. Michigan Botanist.        20(1): 3-14.  [5022]
  • 121.  Schmidt, Wyman C.; Lotan, James E. 1980. Phenology of common forest        flora of the northern Rockies--1928 to 1937. Res. Pap. INT-259. Ogden,        UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest        and Range Experiment Station. 20 p.  [2082]
  • 122.  Scotter, George W. 1972. Chemical composition of forage plants from the        Reindeer Preserve, Northwest Territories. Arctic. 25(1): 21-27.  [16563]
  • 123.  Severson, Kieth E.; Garrett, E. Chester. 1974. Growth characteristics of        bearberry in the Black Hills. Res. Note. RM-254. Fort Collins, CO: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and        Range Experiment Station. 3 p.  [5408]
  • 124.  Severson, Kieth E.; Uresk, Daniel W. 1988. Influence of ponderosa pine        overstory on forage quality in the Black Hills, South Dakota. Great        Basin Naturalist. 48(1): 78-82.  [2807]
  • 125.  Seymour, Frank Conkling. 1982. The flora of New England. 2d ed.        Phytologia Memoirs 5. Plainfield, NJ: Harold N. Moldenke and Alma L.        Moldenke. 611 p.  [7604]
  • 126.  Shaw, George. 1981. Concentrations of twenty-eight elements in fruiting        shrubs downwind of the smelter at Flin Flon, Manitoba. Environmental        Pollution (Series A). 25(3): 197-209.  [10794]
  • 127.  Soper, James H.; Heimburger, Margaret L. 1982. Shrubs of Ontario. Life        Sciences Misc. Publ. Toronto, ON: Royal Ontario Museum. 495 p.  [12907]
  • 128.  Sperka, Marie. 1973. Growing wildflowers: A gardener's guide. New York:        Harper & Row. 277 p.  [10578]
  • 129.  Stallard, Harvey. 1929. Secondary succession in the climax forest        formations of northern Minnesota. Ecology. 10(4): 476-547.  [3808]
  • 13.  Bovey, Rodney W. 1977. Response of selected woody plants in the United        States to herbicides. Agric. Handb. 493. Washington, DC: U.S. Department        of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 101 p.  [8899]
  • 130.  Stark, N.; Steele, R. 1977. Nutrient content of forest shrubs following        burning. American Journal of Botany. 64(10): 1218-1224.  [2224]
  • 131.  Stelfox, John G. 1976. Range ecology of Rocky Mountain bighorn sheep in        Canadian national parks. Report Series Number 39. Ottawa, ON: Canadian        Wildlife Service. 50 p.  [13851]
  • 132.  Stephens, H. A. 1973. Woody plants of the North Central Plains.        Lawrence, KS: The University Press of Kansas. 530 p.  [3804]
  • 133.  Stevens, David R. 1970. Winter ecology of moose in the Gallatin        Mountains, Montana. Journal of Wildlife Management. 34(1): 37-46.        [7932]
  • 134.  Stiles, Edmund W. 1980. Patterns of fruit presentation and seed        dispersal in bird-disseminated woody plants in the Eastern deciduous        forest. American Naturalist. 116(5): 670-688.  [6508]
  • 135.  Strong, W. L.; LaRoi, G. H. 1986. A strategy for concurrently monitoring        the plant water potentials of spatially separate forest ecosystems.        Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 16(2): 346-351.  [10805]
  • 136.  Tiffney, W. N., Jr.; Benson, D. R.; Eveleigh, D. E. 1978. Does        Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) have nitrogen-fixing root nodules?.        American Journal of Botany. 65(6): 625-628.  [13495]
  • 138.  Uresk, Daniel W.; Severson, Kieth E. 1989. Understory-overstory        relationships in ponderosa pine forests, Black Hills, South Dakota.        Journal of Range Management. 42(3): 203-208.  [6705]
  • 139.  Viereck, Leslie A. 1966. Plant succession and soil development on gravel        outwash of the Muldrow Glacier, Alaska. Ecological Monographs. 36(3):        181-199.  [12484]
  • 14.  Bradley, Anne Foster. 1984. Rhizome morphology, soil distribution, and        the potential fire survival of eight woody understory species in western        Montana. Missoula, MT: University of Montana. 183 p. Thesis.  [502]
  • 140.  Viereck, Leslie A. 1975. Forest ecology of the Alaska taiga. In:        Proceedings of the circumpolar conference on northern ecology; 1975        September 15-18; Ottawa, ON. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service: 1-22.  [7315]
  • 141.  Viereck, L. A.; Dyrness, C. T.; Batten, A. R.; Wenzlick, K. J. 1992. The        Alaska vegetation classification. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-286. Portland,        OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest        Research Station. 278 p.  [2431]
  • 142.  Vines, Robert A. 1960. Trees, shrubs, and woody vines of the Southwest.        Austin, TX: University of Texas Press. 1104 p.  [7707]
  • 143.  Vogl, Richard J. 1971. Fire and the northern Wisconsin pine barrens. In:        Proceedings, annual Tall Timbers Fire ecology conference; 1970 August        20-21; New Brunsick, Canada. No. 10. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers        Research Station: 175-209.  [2432]
  • 144.  Vogl, Richard J.; Ryder, Calvin. 1969. Effects of slash burning on        conifer reproduction in Montana's Mission Range. Northwest Science.        43(3): 135-147.  [8546]
  • 145.  Volland, Leonard A. 1985. Plant associations of the central Oregon        Pumice Zone. Rt-ECOL-104-1985. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Region. 138 p.  [7341]
  • 146.  Vories, Kimery C. 1981. Growing Colorado plants from seed: a state of        the art. Volume I. Shrubs. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-103. Ogden, UT: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and        Range Experiment Station. 80 p.  [3426]
  • 147.  Wali, M. K.; Krajina, V. J. 1973. Vegetation-environment relationships        of some sub-boreal spruce zone ecosystems in British Columbia.        Vegetatio. 26: 237-381.  [9856]
  • 148.  Watson, L. E.; Parker, R. W.; Polster, D. F. 1980. Manual of plant        species suitablity for reclamation in Alberta. Vol. 2. Forbs, shrubs and        trees. Edmonton, AB: Land Conservation and Reclamation Council. 537 p.        [8855]
  • 149.  Wells, Philip V. 1988. New combinations in Arctostaphylos (Ericaceae):        Annotated list of changes in status. Madrono. 35(4): 330-341.  [6448]
  • 15.  Braun, E. Lucy. 1961. The woody plants of Ohio. Columbus, OH: Ohio State        University Press. 362 p.  [12914]
  • 150.  Welsh, Stanley L.; Atwood, N. Duane; Goodrich, Sherel; Higgins, Larry        C., eds. 1987. A Utah flora. Great Basin Naturalist Memoir No. 9. Provo,        UT: Brigham Young University. 894 p.  [2944]
  • 151.  Williams, Clinton K.; Lillybridge, Terry R. 1983. Forested plant        associations of the Okanogan National Forest. R6-Ecol-132b. Portland,        OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest        Region. 116 p.  [2566]
  • 152.  Wofford, B. Eugene. 1989. Guide to the vascular plants of the Blue        Ridge. Athens, GA: The University of Georgia Press. 384 p.  [12908]
  • 153.  Zimmerman, G. T.; Neuenschwander, L. F. 1984. Livestock grazing        influences on community structure, fire intensity, and fire frequency        within the Douglas-fir/ninebark habitat type. Journal of Range        Management. 37(2): 104-110.  [10103]
  • 16.  Brown, James K.; Marsden, Michael A. 1976. Estimating fuel weights of        grasses, forbs, and small woody plants. Res. Note INT-210. Ogden, UT:        U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest &        Range Experiment Station. 11 p.  [5030]
  • 17.  Clagg, Harry B. 1975. Fire ecology in high-elevation forests in        Colorado. Fort Collins, CO: Colorado State University. 137 p. Thesis.        [113]
  • 18.  Coffman, Michael S.; Alyanak, Edward; Resovsky, Richard. 1980. Field        guide habitat classification system: For Upper Peninsula of Michigan and        northeast Wisconsin. [Place of publication unknown]
  • 19.  Cole, David N. 1988. Disturbance and recovery of trampled montane        grassland and forests in Montana. Res. Pap. INT-389. Ogden, UT: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research        Station. 37 p.  [3622]
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 20.  Corns, I. G. W.; Annas, R. M. 1986. Field guide to forest ecosystems of        west-central Alberta. Edmonton, AB: Canadian Forestry Service, Northern        Forestry Centre. 251 p.  [8998]
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2007. database, Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) - online database
  • 21.  Coupland, Robert T. 1961. A reconsideration of grassland classification        in the northern Great Plains of North America. Journal of Ecology. 49:        135-167.  [12588]
  • 22.  Crane, Marilyn F. 1982. Fire ecology of Rocky Mountain Region forest        habitat types. Final Report Contract No. 43-83X9-1-884. Missoula, MT:        U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Region 1. 272 p. On file        with: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain        Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory, Missoula, MT.  [5292]
  • 23.  Crane, M. F.; Fischer, William C. 1986. Fire ecology of the forest        habitat types of central Idaho. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-218. Ogden, UT: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research        Station. 85 p.  [5297]
  • 24.  Currie, P. O.; Reichert, D. W.; Malechek, J. C.; Wallmo, O. C. 1977.        Forage selection comparisons for mule deer and cattle under managed        ponderosa pine. Journal of Range Management. 30(5): 352-356.  [4697]
  • 25.  Curtis, John T. 1959. The vegetation of Wisconsin. Madison, WI: The        University of Wisconsin Press. 657 p.  [7116]
  • 26.  Daubenmire, Rexford F.; Daubenmire, Jean B. 1968. Forest vegetation of        eastern Washington and northern Idaho. Technical Bulletin 60. Pullman,        WA: Washington State University, Agricultural Experiment Station. 104 p.        [749]
  • 27.  del Moral, Roger; Wood, David M. 1988. The high elevation flora of Mount        St. Helens, Washington. Madrono. 35(4): 309-319.  [6412]
  • 28.  DeVelice, Robert L.; Ludwig, John A. 1983. Climax forest series of        northern New Mexico and southern Colorado. In: Moir, W. H.; Hendzel,        Leonard, tech. coords. Proceedings of the workshop on Southwestern        habitat types; 1983 April 6-8; Albuquerque, NM. Albuquerque, NM: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southwestern Region: 45-53.        [779]
  • 29.  DeVelice, Robert L.; Ludwig, John A.; Moir, William H.; Ronco, Frank,        Jr. 1986. A classification of forest habitat types of northern New        Mexico and southern Colorado. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-131. Fort Collins, CO:        U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest        and Range Experiment Station. 59 p.  [781]
  • 3.  Agee, James K.; Kertis, Jane. 1987. Forest types of the North Cascades        National Park Service Complex. Canadian Journal of Botany. 65:        1520-1530.  [6327]
  • 30.  Dittberner, Phillip L.; Olson, Michael R. 1983. The plant information        network (PIN) data base: Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, Utah, and        Wyoming. FWS/OBS-83/86. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior,        Fish and Wildlife Service. 786 p.  [806]
  • 31.  Douglas, George Wayne. 1970. A vegetation study in the subalpine zone of        the western North Cascades, Washington. Seattle, WA: University of        Washington. 293 p. Thesis.  [8560]
  • 32.  Douglas, George W.; Ballard, T. M. 1971. Effects of fire on alpine plant        communities in the North Cascades, Washington. Ecology. 52(6):        1058-1064.  [6738]
  • 33.  Douglas, George W.; Bliss, L. C. 1977. Alpine and high subalpine plant        communities of the North Cascades Range, Washington and British        Columbia. Ecological Monographs. 47: 113-150.  [9487]
  • 34.  Duncan, Wilbur H.; Duncan, Marion B. 1987. The Smithsonian guide to        seaside plants of the Gulf and Atlantic Coasts from Louisiana to        Massachusetts, exclusive of lower peninsular Florida. Washington, DC:        Smithsonian Institution Press. 409 p.  [12906]
  • 36.  Eriksson, O. 1989. Seedling dynamics and life histories in clonal        plants. Oikos. 55: 231-238.  [10322]
  • 38.  Farnsworth, Raymond B. 1975. Nitrogen fixation in shrubs. In: Stutz,        Howard C., ed. Wildland shrubs: Proceedings--symposium and workshop;        1975 November 5-7; Provo, UT. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University:        32-71.  [909]
  • 39.  Fischer, William C.; Bradley, Anne F. 1987. Fire ecology of western        Montana forest habitat types. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-223. Ogden, UT: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research        Station. 95 p.  [633]
  • 4.  Alexander, Martin E. 1978. Estimating fuel weights of two common shrubs        in Colorado lodgepole pine stands. Res. Note RM-354. Fort Collins, CO:        U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest        and Range Experiment Station. 4 p.  [302]
  • 40.  Fitzhugh, E. Lee; Moir, William H.; Ludwig, John A.; Ronco, Frank, Jr.        1987. Forest habitat types in the Apache, Gila, and part of the Cibola        National Forests, Arizona and New Mexico. Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-145. Fort        Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky        Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 116 p.  [4206]
  • 41.  Forsythe, Warren Louis. 1975. Site influence on the post-fire        composition of a Rocky Mountain forest. Missoula, MT: University of        Montana. 173 p. Dissertation.  [6723]
  • 42.  Franklin, Jerry F.; Dyrness, C. T. 1973. Natural vegetation of Oregon        and Washington. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-8. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range        Experiment Station. 417 p.  [961]
  • 43.  Franklin, Jerry F.; Moir, William H.; Hemstrom, Miles A.; [and others]
  • 45.  Gastler, George F.; Moxon, Alvin L.; McKean, William T. 1951.        Composition of some plants eaten by deer in the Black Hills of South        Dakota. Journal of Wildlife Management. 15(4): 352-357.  [3996]
  • 46.  Gawlowska, Jadwiga. 1969. Seminatural cultivation of economically        important plant species growing in the wild state. Biological        Conservation. 1: 151-155.  [13013]
  • 47.  Givnish, Thomas J. 1981. Serotiny, geography, and fire in the pine        barrens of New Jersey. Evolution. 35(1): 101-123.  [8634]
  • 48.  Goldin, A.; Nimlos, T. J. 1977. Vegetation patterns on limestone and        acid parent materials in the Garnet Mountains of western Montana.        Northwest Science. 51(3): 149-160.  [10675]
  • 49.  Gullion, Gordon W. 1964. Wildlife uses of Nevada plants. Contributions        toward a flora of Nevada No. 49. Beltsville, MD: U. S. Department of        Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, National Arboretum Crops        Research Division. 170 p.  [6729]
  • 5.  Alexander, Robert R.; Hoffman, George R.; Wirsing, John M. 1986. Forest        vegetation of the Medicine Bow National Forest in southeastern Wyoming:        a habitat type classification. Res. Pap. RM-271. Fort Collins, CO: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and        Range Experiment Station. 39 p.  [307]
  • 50.  Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.        Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. 1392 p.  [1603]
  • 53.  Harrington, H. D. 1976. Edible native plants of the Rocky Mountains.        Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press. 392 p.  [12903]
  • 54.  Hart, J. 1976. Montana--native plants and early peoples. Helena, MT:        Montana Historical Society. 75 p.  [9979]
  • 55.  Hatler, David F. 1972. Food habits of black bears in interior Alaska.        Canadian Field-Naturalist. 86(1): 17-31.  [10389]
  • 56.  Hawkes, Brad C. 1982. Fire history and ecology of forest ecosystems in        Kluane National Park. In: Wein, Ross W.; Riewe, Roderick R.; Methven,        Ian R., eds. Resources and dynamics of the Boreal Zone; [Date of        conference unknown]
  • 57.  Hemstrom, Miles A.; Logan, Sheila E.; Pavlat, Warren. 1987. Plant        association and management guide: Willamette National Forest. R6-Ecol        257-B-86. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Pacific Northwest Region. 312 p.  [13402]
  • 58.  Hill, Ralph R. 1946. Palatability ratings of Black Hills plants for        white-tailed deer. Journal of Wildlife Management. 10(1): 47-54.  [3270]
  • 59.  Hitchcock, C. Leo; Cronquist, Arthur; Ownbey, Marion. 1959. Vascular        plants of the Pacific Northwest. Part 4: Ericaceae through        Campanulaceae. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press. 510 p.        [1170]
  • 6.  Arno, Stephen F.; Simmerman, Dennis G.; Keane, Robert E. 1985. Forest        succession on four habitat types in western Montana. Gen. Tech. Rep.        INT-177. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 74 p.  [349]
  • 60.  Hocking, Drake. 1975. Effects on the forest of sulphur dioxide from a        sulphur fire near Edson, Alberta. Information Report NOR-X-139.        Edmonton, AB: Environment Canada, Canadian Forestry Service, Northern        Forest Research Center. 8 p.  [7610]
  • 61.  Hoffman, George R.; Alexander, Robert R. 1976. Forest vegetation of the        Bighorn Mountains, Wyoming: a habitat type classification. Res. Pap.        RM-170. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest        Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 38 p.        [1180]
  • 63.  Holloway, Patricia; Zasada, John. 1979. Vegetative propagation of 11        common Alaska woody plants. Res. Note PNW-334. Portland, OR: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and        Range Experiment Station. 12 p.  [1183]
  • 64.  Hopkins, William E. 1979. Plant associations of south Chiloquin and        Klamath Ranger Districts-- Winema National Forest. R6-Ecol-79-005.        Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific        Northwest Region. 96 p.  [7339]
  • 65.  Johnson, E. A. 1975. Buried seed populations in the subarctic forest        east of Great Slave Lake, Northwest Territories. Canadian Journal of        Botany. 53: 2933-2941.  [6466]
  • 67.  Kartesz, John T.; Kartesz, Rosemarie. 1980. A synonymized checklist of        the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Volume        II: The biota of North America. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North        Carolina Press; in confederation with Anne H. Lindsey and C. Richie        Bell, North Carolina Botanical Garden. 500 p.  [6954]
  • 68.  Keown, L. D. 1977. Interim report: Black Tail Hills Prescribed Fire        Project: implementation and results. Great Falls, MT: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Lewis and Clark National Forest. 9 p.        [12233]
  • 69.  Kittredge, J., Jr. 1934. Evidence of the rate of forest succession on        Star Island, Minnesota. Ecology. 15(1): 24-35.  [10102]
  • 7.  Baker, William L. 1984. A preliminary classification of the natural        vegetation of Colorado. Great Basin Naturalist. 44(4): 647-676.  [380]
  • 70.  Klinka, K.; Krajina, V. J.; Ceska, A.; Scagel, A. M. 1989. Indicator        plants of coastal British Columbia. Vancouver, BC: University of British        Columbia Press. 288 p.  [10703]
  • 71.  Kotar, John; Kovach, Joseph A.; Locey, Craig T. 1988. Field guide to        forest habitat types of northern Wisconsin. Madison, WI: University of        Wisconsin, Department of Forestry; Wisconsin Department of Natural        Resources. 217 p.  [11510]
  • 72.  Kovalchik, Bernard L. 1987. Riparian zone associations: Deschutes,        Ochoco, Fremont, and Winema National Forests. R6 ECOL TP-279-87.        Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific        Northwest Region. 171 p.  [9632]
  • 73.  Kruckeberg, A. R. 1982. Gardening with native plants of the Pacific        Northwest. Seattle: University of Washington Press. 252 p.  [9980]
  • 75.  Kufeld, Roland C.; Wallmo, O. C.; Feddema, Charles. 1973. Foods of the        Rocky Mountain mule deer. Res. Pap. RM-111. Fort Collins, CO: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and        Range Experiment Station. 31 p.  [1387]
  • 76.  La Roi, George H.; Hnatiuk, Roger J. 1980. The Pinus contorta forests of        Banff and Jasper National Parks: a study in comparative synecology and        syntaxonomy. Ecological Monographs. 50(1): 1-29.  [8347]
  • 77.  Larson, Milo; Moir, W. H. 1987. Forest and woodland habitat types (plant        associations) of northern New Mexico and northern Arizona. 2d ed.        Albuquerque, NM: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Southwestern Region. 90 p.  [8947]
  • 78.  Laursen, Steven B. 1984. Predicting shrub community composition and        structure following management disturbance in forest ecosystems of the        Intermountain West. Moscow, ID: University of Idaho. 261 p.        Dissertation.  [6717]
  • 79.  Lewin, Renate. 1989. Vanishing resources; Protecting medicinal plants of        the forest. Forest World. 5(2): 15-20.  [11058]
  • 8.  Bakuzis, E. V.; Hansen, H. L. 1962. Ecographs of shrubs and other        undergrowth species of Minnesota forest communities. Minnesota Forestry        Notes. 117: 1-2.  [10316]
  • 80.  Looman, J. 1969. The fescue grasslands of western Canada. Vegetatio. 19:        128-145.  [1471]
  • 81.  Lutz, H. J. 1956. Ecological effects of forest fires in the interior of        Alaska. Tech. Bull. No. 1133. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service. 121 p.  [7653]
  • 83.  Mace, Richard D. 1986. Analysis of grizzly bear habitat in the Bob        Marshall Wilderness, Montana. In: Contreras, Glen P.; Evans, Keith E,        compilers. Proceedings--grizzly bear habitat symposium; 1985 April 30 -        May 2; Missoula, MT. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-207. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department        of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station: 136-149.        [10814]
  • 84.  MacHutchon, A. Grant. 1989. Spring and summer food habits of black bears        in the Pelly River Valley, Yukon. Northwest Science. 63(3): 116-118.        [12249]
  • 85.  Mallik, A. U.; Gimingham, C. H. 1983. Regeneration of heathland plants        following burning. Vegetatio. 53: 45-58.  [6337]
  • 86.  Mallik, A. U.; Gimingham, C. H. 1985. Ecological effects of heather        burning. II. Effects on seed germination and vegetative regeneration.        Journal of Ecology. 73: 633-644.  [6338]
  • 87.  McClaran, Mitchel P.; Bartolome, James W. 1989. Fire-related recruitment        in stagnant Quercus douglasii populations. Canadian Journal of Forest        Research. 19: 580-585.  [7416]
  • 88.  Mallik, A. U.; Hobbs, R. J.; Rahman, A. A. 1988. Seed-bed substrates and        revegetation of Calluna heathlands following burning. Journal of        Environmental Management. 27: 379-397.  [6594]
  • 89.  Martin, Alexander C.; Zim, Herbert S.; Nelson, Arnold L. 1951. American        wildlife and plants. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. 500 p.        [4021]
  • 9.  Balfour, Patty M. 1989. Effects of forest herbicides on some important        wildlife forage species. Victoria, BC: British Columbia Ministry of        Forests, Research Branch. 58 p.  [12148]
  • 90.  Mauk, Ronald L.; Henderson, Jan A. 1984. Coniferous forest habitat types        of northern Utah. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-170. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment        Station. 89 p.  [1553]
  • 91.  McCormick, Jack; Buell, Murray F. 1968. The Plains: pigmy forests of the        New Jersey Pine Barrens, a review and annotated bibliography. New Jersey        Academy of Sciences Bulletin. 13: 20-34.  [11611]
  • 92.  McLean, Alastair. 1968. Fire resistance of forest species as influenced        by root systems. Journal of Range Management. 22: 120-122.  [1621]
  • 93.  Miller, Donald R. 1976. Taiga winter range relationships and diet.        Canadian Wildlife Service Rep. Series No. 36. Ottawa, ON: Environment        Canada, Wildlife Service. 42 p. (Biology of the Kaminuriak population of        barren-ground caribou; pt 3).  [13007]
  • 94.  Moir, William H.; Ludwig, John A. 1979. A classification of spruce-fir        and mixed conifer habitat types of Arizona and New Mexico. Res. Pap.        RM-207. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest        Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 47 p.        [1677]
  • 95.  Moore, Michael. 1979. Medicinal plants of the Mountain West. Santa Fe,        NM: Museum of New Mexico Press. 200 p.  [12905]
  • 96.  Moss, E. H. 1955. The vegetation of Alberta. Botanical Review. 21(9):        493-567.  [6878]
  • 98.  Neiland, Bonita J. 1958. Forest and adjacent burn in the Tillamook Burn        area of northwestern Oregon. Ecology. 39(4): 660-671.  [8879]
  • 99.  Nelson, S. D. 1987. Rooting and subsequent growth of woody ornamental        softwood cuttings treated with endomycorrhizal inoculum. Journal of the        American Society of Horticultural Science. 112(2): 263-266.  [8377]
  • A. LOMBARD, janvier 2003. In Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle [Ed]. Conservatoire botanique national du Bassin parisien, site Web. http://www.mnhn.fr/cbnbp.
  • Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Sprengel
  • Ericaceae of North America Update
  • Jepson Manual
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Apr 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!