The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

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  • 10.  Gimingham, C. H. 1971. British heathland ecosytems: the outcome of many        years of management by fire. In: Proceedings, annual Tall Timbers fire        ecology conference; 1970 August 20-21; Fredericton, NB. No. 10.        Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station: 293-321.  [18943]
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  • 14.  Helliwell, D. R. 1986. Bracken clearance and potential for        afforestation. In: Smith, R. T.; Taylor, J. A., eds. Bracken: ecology,        land use and control technology; 1985 July 1 - July 5; Leeds, England.        Lancs, England: The Parthenon Publishing Group Limited: 459-464.  [9732]
  • 15.  Hester, A. J.; Miles, J.; Gimingham, C. H. 1991. Succession from heather        moorland to birch woodland. I. Experimental alteration of specific        environmental conditions in the field. Journal of Ecology. 79: 303-315.        [19770]
  • 16.  Hobbs, R. J. 1984. Length of burning rotation and community composition        in high-level Calluna-Eriophorum bog in northern England. Vegetatio. 57:        129-136.  [19864]
  • 17.  Hobbs, R. J.; Gimingham, C. H. 1980. Some effects of fire and grazing on        heath vegetation. Bulletin D' Ecologie. 11(3): 709-715.  [19855]
  • 18.  Hobbs, R. J.; Gimingham, C. H. 1984. Studies on fire in Scottish        heathland communities. I. Fire characteristics. Journal of Ecology. 72:        223-240.  [19736]
  • 19.  Hobbs, R. J.; Gimingham, C. H. 1984. Studies on fire in Scottish        heathland communities. II. Post-fire vegetation development. Journal of        Ecology. 72: 585-610.  [19767]
  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2. Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. & Moore, D.M. (1987) Flora of the British Isles. 3rd Edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • 2.  Cederlund, Goran N.; Okarma, Henryk. 1988. Home range and habitat use of        adult female moose. Journal of Wildlife Management. 52(2): 336-343.        [13905]
  • 20.  Iason, Glenn R.; Hester, Alison J. 1993. The response of heather        (Calluna vulgaris) to shade and nutrients-- predictions of the        carbon-nutrient balance hypothesis. Journal of Ecology. 81: 75-80.        [20967]
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 21.  Kayll, A. J. 1968. Heat tolerance of tree seedlings. In: Proceedings,        annual Tall Timbers fire ecology conference; 1968 March 14-15;        Tallahassee, FL. No. 8. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station:        89-105.  [17849]
  • 22.  Kayll, A. J.. 1967. Moor burning in Scotland. In: Proceedings, 3rd        annual Tall Timbers fire ecology conference; 1967 March 6-7;        Tallahassee, FL. No. 2. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station:        29-39.  [18910]
  • 23.  Keatinge, T. H. 1975. Plant community dynamics in wet heathland. Journal        of Ecology. 63: 163-172.  [21122]
  • 24.  Lance, Art N. 1983. Performance of sheep on unburned and serially burned        blanket bog in western Ireland. Journal of Applied Ecology. 20: 767-775.        [19862]
  • 25.  Legg, C. J.; Maltby, E.; Proctor, M. C. F. 1992. The ecology of severe        moorland fire on the North York Moors: seed distribution and seedling        establishment of Calluna vulgaris. Journal of Ecology. 80: 737-752.        [20458]
  • 26.  Mallik, A. U. 1993. Ecology of a forest weed of Newfoundland: vegetative        regeneration strategy of Kalmia angustifolia. Canadian Journal of        Botany. 71: 161-166.  [21452]
  • 27.  Mallik, A. U.; Hobbs, R. J.; Legg, C. J. 1984. Seed dynamics in        Calluna-Arctostaphylos heath in north-eastern Scotland. Journal of        Ecology. 72: 855-871.  [7461]
  • 28.  Mallik, A. U.; Hobbs, R. J.; Rahman, A. A. 1988. Seed-bed substrates and        revegetation of Calluna heathlands following burning. Journal of        Environmental Management. 27: 379-397.  [6594]
  • 29.  Mallik, A. U.; Rahman, A. A. 1985. Soil water repellency in regularly        burned Calluna heathlands: comparison of three measuring techniques.        Journal of Environmental Management. 20: 207-218.  [19859]
  • 3. Preston, C.D., Pearman, D.A. & Dines, T.D. (2002) The New Atlas of the British and Irish Flora. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 3.  Clement, B.; Touffet, J. 1981. Vegetation dynamics in Brittany        heathlands after fire. Vegetatio. 46: 157-166.  [18454]
  • 30.  Maltby, E. 1980. The impact of severe fire on Calluna moorland in the        North York Moors. Bulletin D' Ecologie. 11(3): 683-708.  [19868]
  • 31.  Maltby, E.; Legg, C. J.; Proctor, M. C. F. 1990. The ecology of severe        moorland fire on the North York Moors: effects of the 1976 fires, and        subsequent surface and vegetation development. Journal of Ecology.        78(2): 490-518.  [19852]
  • 32.  Marrs, R. H.; Hicks, M. J. 1986. Study of vegetation change at        Lakenheath Warren: a re-examination of A. S. Watt's theories of bracken        dynamics in relation to succession and vegetation management. Journal of        Applied Ecology. 23: 1029-1046.  [9969]
  • 34.  Messier, Christian; Kimmins, James P. 1991. Above- & below-ground        vegetation recovery in recently clearcut & burned sites dominated by        Gaultheria shallon in coastal British Columbia. Forest Ecology and        Management. 46(3-4): 275-294.  [17206]
  • 35.  Miller, G. R. 1980. The burning of heather moorland for red grouse.        Bulletin D' Ecologie. 11(3): 725-733.  [19858]
  • 36.  Miller, G. R.; Watson, Adam. 1974. Some effects of fire on vertebrate        herbivores in the Scottish highlands. In: Proceedings, annual Tall        Timbers fire ecology conference; 1973 March 22-23; Tallahassee, FL. No.        13. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station:39-64.  [18970]
  • 37.  Nieppola, Jari. 1992. Long-term vegetation changes in stands of Pinus        sylvestris in southern Finland. Journal of Vegetation Science. 3:        475-484.  [21845]
  • 39.  Robinette, W. Leslie. 1972. Browse and cover for wildlife. In: McKell,        Cyrus M.; Blaisdell, James P.; Goodin, Joe R., tech. eds. Wildland        shrubs--their biology and utilization: An international symposium:        Proceedings; 1971 July; Logan, UT. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-1. Ogden, UT:        U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and        Range Experiment Station: 69-76.  [9713]
  • 4. Press, B. & Gibbons, B (1993) Photographic field guide to wild flowers of Britain and Europe. New Holland Publishers (UK) Ltd, London.
  • 40.  Roland, A. E.; Smith, E. C. 1969. The flora of Nova Scotia. Halifax, NS:        Nova Scotia Museum. 746 p.  [13158]
  • 41.  Seymour, Frank Conkling. 1982. The flora of New England. 2d ed.        Phytologia Memoirs 5. Plainfield, NJ: Harold N. Moldenke and Alma L.        Moldenke. 611 p.  [7604]
  • 43.  Tolonen, Mirjami. 1987. Vegetational history in coastal southwest        Finland studied on a lake and a peat bog by pollen and charcoal        analysis. Annales Botanici Fennici. 24(4): 353-370.  [6681]
  • 44.  Trabaud, L. 1987. Fire and survival traits of plants. In: Trabaud, L.,        ed. Role of fire in ecological systems. Hague, The Netherlands: SPB        Academic Publishers: 65-89.  [16411]
  • 45.  Uggla, Evald. 1959. Ecological effects of fire on north Swedish forests.        [Place of publication unknown]
  • 47.  Van Der Ven, J. A. 1974. Nature management in the Netherlands and its        financial consequences, with special attention to the role of fire. In:        Proceedings, annual Tall Timbers fire ecology conference; 1973 March        22-23; Tallahassee, FL. No. 13. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research        Station:19-37.  [18969]
  • 48.  Whittaker, R. H. 1970. The biochemical ecology of higher plants. In:        Sondheimer, Ernest; Simeone, John B., eds. Chemical ecology. New York:        Academic Press: 43-70.  [12769]
  • 49.  Zackrisson, Olle; Nilsson, Marie-Charlotte. 1992. Allelopathic effects        by Empetrum hermaphroditum on seed germination of two boreal tree        species. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 22: 1310-1319.  [19665]
  • 5. Mabey, R. (1996) Flora Britannica. Sinclair-Stevenson, London.
  • 5.  Engelmark, Ola. 1987. Fire history correlations to forest type and        topography in northern Sweden. Annales Botanici Fennici. 24(4): 317-324.        [6688]
  • 6. Marrs, R. (2004) Pers. comm.
  • 6.  Equihua, Miguel; Usher, Michael B. 1993. Impact of carpets of the        invasive moss Campylopus introflexus on Calluna vulgaris regeneration.        Journal of Ecology. 81: 359-365.  [21522]
  • 7.  Fernald, Merritt Lyndon. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. [Corrections        supplied by R. C. Rollins]
  • 8.  Forgeard, F. 1990. Development, growth and species richness on Brittany        heathlands after fire. Oecologica. 11(2): 191-213.  [15641]
  • Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull
  • Ericaceae of North America Update
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Apr 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.

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