The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1.  Braun, E. L. 1950. Deciduous forests of eastern North America.        Philadelphia, PA: The Blakiston Co. 596 p.  [19637]
  • 11.  Libscomb, M. V.; Nilsen, E. T. 1990. Environmental and physiological        factors influencing the natural distribution of evergreen and deciduous        ericaceous shrubs on ne. and southwest facing slopes of the southern        Appalachian Mountains. II. Water relations. American Journal of Botany.        77(4): 517-526.  [11652]
  • 12.  Malik, A. A.; Blazich, F. A.; Warren, S. L.; Shelton, J. E. 1992.        Initial growth of seedlings of flame azalea in response to day/night        temperature. Journal of the American Society of Horticultural Science.        117(2): 216-219.  [23050]
  • 13.  McCance, R. M., Jr.; Burns, J. F., eds. 1984. Ohio endangered and        threatened vascular plants: Abstracts of state-listed taxa. Columbus,        OH: Department of Natural Resources, Division of Natural Areas and        Preserves. 635 p.  [22520]
  • 14.  McGinnies, William G. 1972. North America. In: McKell, Cyrus M.;        Blaisdell, James P.; Goodin, Joe R., tech. eds. Wildland shrubs--their        biology and utilization: An international symposium: Proceedings; 1971        July; Logan, UT. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-1. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment        Station: 55-66.  [22750]
  • 16.  Olson, David F., Jr. 1974. Rhododendron L.  rhododendron. In:        Schopmeyer, C. S., ed. Seeds of woody plants in the United States.        Agric. Handb. 450. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture,        Forest Service: 709-712.  [7739]
  • 17.  Pellett, N.; Halvorsen, L. 1981. The search for hardy azaleas        Rhododendron calendulaceum, Mt. Pisgah in North Carolina. American        Nurseryman. 153(11): 7, 107.  [23051]
  • 18.  Pellett, N. E.; Rowan, N.; Aleong, J. 1991. Cold hardiness of various        provenances of flame, roseshell, and swamp azaleas. Journal of the        American Society of Horticultural Science. 116(1): 23-26.  [23052]
  • 19.  Quarterman, Elsie; Turner, Barbara Holman; Hemmerly, Thomas E. 1972.        Analysis of virgin mixed mesophytic forests in Savage Gulf, Tennessee.        Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 99(5): 228-232.  [11128]
  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2.  Braun, E. Lucy. 1961. The woody plants of Ohio. Columbus, OH: Ohio State        University Press. 362 p.  [12914]
  • 20.  Radford, Albert E.; Ahles, Harry E.; Bell, C. Ritchie. 1968. Manual of        the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of        North Carolina Press. 1183 p.  [7606]
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 22.  Read, D. J. 1983. The biology of mycorrhiza in the Ericales. Canadian        Journal of Botany. 61: 985-1004.  [10602]
  • 23.  Sanders, C. R. 1978. Some aspects of the propagation of Rhododendron,        Mahonia, and Ilex by cuttings. Combined Proceedings, International Plant        Propagators Society. 28: 228-232.  [10693]
  • 26.  Whittaker, R. H. 1956. Vegetation of the Great Smoky Mountains.        Ecological Monographs. 26(1): 1-79.  [11108]
  • 27.  Wilhelm, Gene. 1973. Fire ecology in Shenandoah National Park. In:        Komarek, Edwin V., Sr., technical coordinator. Proceedings, annual Tall        Timbers fire ecology conference; 1972 June 8-9; Lubbock, TX. Number 12.        Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research Station: 445-488.  [8477]
  • 28.  Willingham, F. F., Jr. 1976. Variation and phenological forms in        Rhododendron calendulaceum (Michx.) Torrey (Ericaceae). Castanea. 41(3):        215-223.  [23053]
  • 29.  Wofford, B. Eugene. 1989. Guide to the vascular plants of the Blue        Ridge. Athens, GA: The University of Georgia Press. 384 p.  [12908]
  • 3.  Broome, C. Rose; Reveal, James L.; Tucker, Arthur O.; Dill, Norman H.        1979. Rare and endangered vascular plants of Maryland. Newton Corner,        MA: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 64 p.  [16508]
  • 30.  Young, Stephen M., editor. 1992. New York state rare plant status list.        August 1992. Latham, NY: Department of Environmental Conservation,        Division of Lands and Forests, Natural Heritage Program. 79 p.  [22563]
  • 4.  Clarke, J. H. 1960. Getting started with rhododendrons and azaleas. New        York: Doubleday & Company, Inc.. 268 p.  [9649]
  • 5.  Doran, William L. 1941. The propagation of some trees and shrubs by        cuttings. Bulletin No. 382. Amherst, MA: Massachusetts State College,        Massachusetts Agricultural Experiment Station. 56 p.  [20255]
  • 8.  Gleason, Henry A.; Cronquist, Arthur. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of        northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 2nd ed. New York: New        York Botanical Garden. 910 p.  [20329]
  • 9.  Horsley, Stephen B. 1988. How vegetation can influence regeneration. In:        Smith, H. Clay; Perkey, Arlyn W.; Kidd, William E., Jr, eds. Guidelines        for regenerating Appalachian hardwood stands: Workshop proceedings; 1988        May 24-26; Morgantown, WV. Society of American Foresters Publ. 88-03.        Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University Books: 38-54.  [13544]
  • Blake, S. F. 1918. Notes on the Clayton Herbarium (Continued from page 28). Rhodora, vol. 20, no. 231
  • Blake, S. F. 1918. Notes on the Clayton Herbarium (Continued from page 28). Rhodora, vol. 20, no. 231. 48-54
  • Ericaceae of North America Update
  • Fl. N. Middle United States 1:425 (1824)
  • Image metadata at Bioimages ( External link.
  • Kron, K. A. 1993. A revision of Rhododendron section Pentanthera. Edinburgh Journal of Botany, vo. 50, no. 3
  • Kron, K. A. 1993. A revision of Rhododendron section Pentanthera. Edinburgh Journal of Botany, vo. 50, no. 3. 249-364
  • Kron, K.A. (1993) A Revision of Rhododendron Section Pentanthera. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 50(3):296
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Apr 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Shinners, Lloyd H. 1962. Rhododendron nudiflorum and R. roseum (Ericaceae): illegitimate names. Castanea, vol. 27, no. 2
  • Shinners, Lloyd H. 1962. Rhododendron nudiflorum and R. roseum (Ericaceae): illegitimate names. Castanea, vol. 27, no. 2. 94-95


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