Overview

Comprehensive Description

Comments

This is the most common Gooseberry in Illinois (excluding cultivated forms). Like many other Gooseberries, it is a rather spiny shrub with palmately cleft leaves and odd drooping flowers. Missouri Gooseberry differs from Ribes cynosbati (Prickly Gooseberry), a less common species in Illinois, by the smooth surface of its berries; the latter has berries with a conspicuously prickly surface. The leaf bases of Prickly Gooseberry are usually more cordate than those of Missouri Gooseberry, and the stamens of its flowers are not exerted beyond the tubular calyx. Another species, Ribes hirtellum (Northern Gooseberry), is restricted to northern Illinois. This species has yellowish green flowers with tubular calyxes that are more broad, and its exerted stamens are up to twice the length of the corollas. Missouri Gooseberry has flowers that are more or less white; they have narrow tubular calyxes with exerted stamens that are at least twice the length of the calyx tubes (excluding their lobes). The branches of Missouri Gooseberry are usually more thorny than those of Northern Gooseberry; the larger thorns of the former are ½" or more in length, while the thorns of the latter are less than ½" in length.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© John Hilty

Source: Illinois Wildflowers

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Description

This native woody shrub is about 2-4' tall, branching occasionally. Young branches are green, but older branches become grey or brown and woody. The branches have two different kinds of thorns
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© John Hilty

Source: Illinois Wildflowers

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Distribution

Range and Habitat in Illinois

Missouri Gooseberry is occasional to locally common in central, northern, and SW Illinois, but it is absent in the SE and south-central areas of the state (see Distribution Map). Habitats include mesic to dry open woodlands, savannas, woodland borders, thickets, powerline clearances and small meadows in wooded areas, abandoned fields, and partially shaded fence rows. Occasional disturbance is beneficial if it removes some of the overhead tree canopy.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© John Hilty

Source: Illinois Wildflowers

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Physical Description

Type Information

Isotype for Ribes missouriense var. ozarkanum Fassett
Catalog Number: US 2216371
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): N. C. Fassett
Year Collected: 1936
Locality: Near White Plain River, Goshen., Washington, Arkansas, United States, North America
  • Isotype: Fassett, N. C. 1937. Rhodora. 39: 377.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Range and Habitat in Illinois

Missouri Gooseberry is occasional to locally common in central, northern, and SW Illinois, but it is absent in the SE and south-central areas of the state (see Distribution Map). Habitats include mesic to dry open woodlands, savannas, woodland borders, thickets, powerline clearances and small meadows in wooded areas, abandoned fields, and partially shaded fence rows. Occasional disturbance is beneficial if it removes some of the overhead tree canopy.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© John Hilty

Source: Illinois Wildflowers

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Associations

Faunal Associations

The nectar and pollen of the flowers attract bees primarily; this includes both long-tongued and short-tongued bees. Less common insect visitors include flies, butterflies, Hummingbird moths, and wasps. Bees with long-tongues are more effective at pollinating the flowers than other visitors. Examples of such bees are bumblebees, Anthophorid bees, Mason bees, and Digger bees (Eucerine). The caterpillars of the butterflies Polygonia faunus (Green Comma) and Polygonia progne (Gray Comma) feed on the foliage of Ribes spp. (Gooseberries, Currants). The Insect Table lists other species that feed on Gooseberries and Currants. The fruit is occasionally eaten by some songbirds, including the Catbird, Robin, Brown Thrasher, and Cedar Waxwing. The fruit is also eaten by some mammals, including the Red Fox, Eastern Skunk, Raccoon, Red Squirrel, Deer Mouse, and White-Footed Mouse. These animals help to distribute the seeds to new locations.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© John Hilty

Source: Illinois Wildflowers

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Flower-Visiting Insects of Missouri Gooseberry in Illinois

Ribes missouriense (Missouri Gooseberry)
(Short-tongued bees & honeybees suck nectar, feed on pollen, or collect pollen; flies suck nectar or feed on pollen; other insects suck nectar; many of these insects are ineffective pollinators of the flowers, as indicated below; some observations are from Graenicher and Krombein et al. as indicated below, otherwise they are from Robertson)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn cp np fq; Apidae (Bombini): Bombus auricomus sn fq, Bombus bimaculatus sn, Bombus griseocallis sn, Bombus impatiens sn fq, Bombus pensylvanica sn fq (Rb, Gr), Bombus vagans sn (Rb, Gr); Anthophoridae (Anthophorini): Anthophora ursina sn; Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla dupla sn (Gr); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Synhalonia speciosa sn fq; Anthophoridae (Nomadini): Nomada cressonii sn (Gr), Nomada cuneatus sn np, Nomada denticulata sn np, Nomada illinoiensis sn np, Nomada luteola sn np fq, Nomada ovatus sn np, Nomada sayi sn np, Nomada sulphurata sn np; Megachilidae (Osmiini): Osmia lignaria lignaria sn np, Osmia pumila sn

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon sericea sn np, Augochlorella striata sn np (Rb, Gr), Augochloropsis metallica metallica sn np, Augochloropsis sumptuosa sn np, Halictus confusus sn (Gr), Halictus rubicunda sn fp np (Rb, Gr), Lasioglossum albipennis sn (Gr), Lasioglossum connexus sn (Gr), Lasioglossum coriaceus sn np, Lasioglossum cressonii sn np, Lasioglossum foxii sn fp np fq, Lasioglossum imitatus sn cp np, Lasioglossum macoupinensis sn (Gr), Lasioglossum zephyrus sn np; Halictidae (Sphecodini): Sphecodes clematidis sn (Gr); Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes aestivalis sn (Rb, Kr); Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena carlini sn, Andrena cressonii sn cp (Gr), Andrena dunningi sn, Andrena forbesii (Kr), Andrena illinoiensis (Kr), Andrena imitatrix imitatrix sn (Rb, Kr), Andrena milwaukeensis sn cp (Gr), Andrena nivalis sn cp olg (Gr), Andrena pruni sn fq icp, Andrena rugosa sn, Andrena sayi sn fq

Wasps
Vespidae (Eumeninae): Parancistrocerus pensylvanicus sn (Gr)

Flies
Bombyliidae: Bombylius major sn np; Syrphidae: Eupeodes americanus fp np (Gr)

Butterflies
Lycaenidae: Celastrina argiolus sn np; Papilionidae: Papilio marcellus sn

Moths
Sphingidae: Hemaris diffinis sn (Gr)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Ribes missouriense

Ribes missouriense, The Missouri gooseberry or Missouri currant, is a prickly, many-stemmed shrub native to the U.S. State of Missouri and to adjoining parts of Kansas and Arkansas. It has been introduced to other States as well, and to parts of Canada.[2]

The Missouri gooseberry was once common as far east as Ohio, but was nearly extirpated there during the 19th and 20th centuries (partly due to early 20th-century efforts to prevent the spread of white pine blister rust by removing as many Ribes hosts as possible). Since 1982, however, the Missouri gooseberry has been granted protected status as an endangered species in Ohio,[2][3] It is also endangered in New Jersey and Pennsylvania.[2]

The edible berries of the shrub are commonly called "gooseberries" by locals, but since it is taxonomically closer to currants than to the European gooseberry, they are sometimes called "currants" when grown outside their historic range.

Missouri gooseberries must not be confused with "devil's tomatoes", the poisonous fruits of the Carolina horsenettle. Although it is easy for an experienced person to differentiate one from the other, they have a few superficial similarities: they look somewhat similar when unripe, and both are borne on thorny, prickly plants. There is no taxonomic relation between them, however.

References[edit]

  1. ^  This species was originally described and published in A Flora of North America (Torrey & Gray), 1: 548. 1840. "Plant Name Details for Ribes missouriense". IPNI. Retrieved July 28, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Profile for Ribes missouriense (Missouri gooseberry)". PLANTS Database. USDA, NRCS. Retrieved July 28, 2010. 
  3. ^ Ohio Department of Natural Resources
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!