Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Physical Description

Type Information

Isolectotype for Ribes oxyacanthoides var. calcicola Fernald
Catalog Number: US 590413
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: ; Status verified by specimen annotations only
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): J. Collins, M. L. Fernald & A. S. Pease
Year Collected: 1904
Locality: Province of Quebec, Bonaventure County. Marly Arbor Vitae swamps, mouth of the Bonaventure River., Bonaventure, Quebec, Canada, North America
  • Isolectotype: Fernald, M. L. 1905. Rhodora. 7: 155.; Sinnott, Q. P. 1985. Rhodora. 87: 238.
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Isolectotype for Ribes oxyacanthoides var. calcicola Fernald
Catalog Number: US 1737530
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: ; Status verified by specimen annotations only
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): J. Collins, M. L. Fernald & A. S. Pease
Year Collected: 1904
Locality: Mouth of Bonaventure River., Bonaventure, Quebec, Canada, North America
  • Isolectotype: Fernald, M. L. 1905. Rhodora. 7: 155.; Sinnott, Q. P. 1985. Rhodora. 87: 238.
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Ecology

Associations

Flower-Visiting Insects of Northern Gooseberry in Illinois

Ribes hirtellum (Northern Gooseberry)
(Halictid bees suck nectar or collect pollen, Syrphid flies feed on pollen, other insects suck nectar; observations are from Graenicher; this plant species may have been Ribes oxyacanthoides, but it is uncommon in Wisconsin & Ribes hirtellum was considered a variety of it when Graenicher made his observations)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Bombini): Bombus affinis sn, Bombus ternarius sn, Bombus vagans sn

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Lasioglossum coriaceus sn cp, Lasioglossum forbesii sn cp; Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena milwaukeensis sn, Andrena vicina sn

Wasps
Vespidae (Eumeninae): Eumenes fraterna sn

Flies
Syrphidae: Platycheirus obscurus fp

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Ribes hirtellum

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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Wikipedia

Ribes hirtellum

Ribes hirtellum is a species of gooseberry known by the common names American gooseberry,[2] hairy-stem gooseberry,[2] hairy gooseberry,[2] and wedge-leaf gooseberry,[2] native to northeastern and northcentral North America.[3] Cultivated gooseberries are derived from this species and from Ribes uva-crispa.[3]

Use in gooseberry breeding[edit]

Whereas R. uva-crispa crops have been devastated by American gooseberry mildew, Podosphaera mors-uvae (syn: Sphaerotheca mors-uvae), which was accidentally introduced to Europe, R. hirtellum is resistant. It is one of four American species that have been interbred with R. uva-crispa to produce resistant cultivars similar to the original R. uva-crispa cultivars.[4] Cultivar 'Houghton' is one of those obtained by crossing R. uva-crispa with R. hirtellum.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". 
  2. ^ a b c d "USDA GRIN Taxonomy". 
  3. ^ a b Nancy R. Morin (2009). "Ribes". Flora of North America North of Mexico, online. 
  4. ^ a b Warren, J.; James, P. (2006). "The ecological effects of exotic disease resistance genes introgressed into British gooseberries". Oecologia 147 (1): 69–75. doi:10.1007/s00442-005-0257-3. 
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