The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 7(3): 243. 1886. (Bot. Jahrb. Syst.)
  • Isotype: Fernald, M. L. 1942. Rhodora. 44: 426.
  • Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 3(1): 24. 1892. (Mem. Torrey Bot. Club)
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Rhodora 44(527): 426–428, pl. 726, 727, f. 1–2. 1942. (Rhodora)
  • Sapindaceae of North America Update
    1. Braun, E. Lucy. 1950. Deciduous forests of eastern North  America. Blakiston Company, Philadelphia and Toronto.
    3. Cost, Noel D. 1989. Personal communication. Southeastern  Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, NC.
    5. Grimm, William Carey. 1962. The book of trees. 2d ed.  Stackpole, Harrisburg, PA. 487 p.
    7. Hartman, Kay. 1982. National register of big trees.  American Forests 88(4):18-48.
    9. Karrfalt, Robed P. 1989. Personal communication. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, National Tree Seed Laboratory,  Macon, GA.
    11. Kellison, Robed C. 1981. Personal communication. North  Carolina State University, School of Forest Resources,  Raleigh.
    13. Kundt, John F. 1969. Sugar maple in the Piedmont of North  Carolina. Unpublished report. North Carolina State  University, School of Forest Resources, Raleigh, NC.
    15. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1977. Atlas of United States trees,  vol.4, Minor eastern hardwoods. U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1342. Washington, DC.  17 p.. 230 maps.
    17. Putnam, John A., George M. Furnival, and J. S. McKnight.  1960. Management and inventory of southern hardwoods. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 181.  Washington, DC. 102 p.
    19. Schopmeyer, C. S., tech. coord. 1974. Seeds of woody plants  of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 450. Washington, DC. 883 p.
    21. U.S. Department of Commerce. 1968. Climatic atlas of the  United States. Environmental Science Services  Administration, Environmental Data Service, Asheville, NC.  80 p.
    23. Vines, Robed A. 1960. Trees, shrubs, and woody vines of the  Southwest. University of Texas Press, Austin. 1104 p.
    25. West, Erdman, and Lillian E. Arnold. 1946. The native trees  of Florida. University of Florida Press, Gainesville. 212 p.


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