The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • Cornaceae of North America Update
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2015. Insect Visitors of Illinois Wildflowers.  World Wide Web electronic publication., version (09/2015) 
    See:   Abbreviations for Insect ActivitiesAbbreviations for Scientific ObserversReferences for behavioral observations
  • Image metadata at Bioimages ( External link.
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
    1. Baker, Whiteford L. 1972. Eastern forest insects. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication 1175.  Washington, DC. 642 p.
    3. Brinkman, Kenneth A. 1974. Cornus L. Dogwood. In Seeds of  woody plants in the United States. p. 336-342. C. S.  Schopmeyer, tech. coord. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 450. Washington, DC.
    5. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United  States and Canada. Society of American Foresters,  Washington, DC. 148 p.
    7. Flemer, C. F., Ill. 1977. Dogwood liner to finished plant.  Combined Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the  International Plant Propagation Society 27:240-241.
    9. Halls, Lowell K. 1977. Southern fruit-producing woody plants  used by wildlife. USDA Forest Service, General Technical  Report SO-16. Southern Forest Experiment Station, New  Orleans, LA. 235 p.
    11. Hartmann, H. T., and D. E. Kester. 1968. Plant propagation:  principles and practices. 2d ed. Prentice Hall, Englewood  Cliffs, NJ. 702 p.
    13. Hepting, George H. 1971. Diseases of forest and shade trees  of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture,  Agriculture Handbook 386. Washington, DC. 658 p.
    15. Johnson, W. T., and H. H. Lyon. 1976. Insects that feed on  trees and shrubs. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.  464 p.
    17. Lay, D. W. 1961. Fruit production of some understory  hardwoods. In Proceedings, Fifteenth Annual Conference of  the Southeastern Association of Game and Fish Commissioners,  Oct. 1961, Atlanta, GA. p. 30-37. Nashville, TN.
    19. Lesser, W. A., and J. D. Wistendahl. 1974. Dogwoods. p.  32-41. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report NE-9.  Northeastern Forest Experiment Station, Broomall, PA.
    21. Little, Elbert L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States  trees (native and naturalized). U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 541. Washington, DC. 375  p.
    23. Mignery, Arnold L. 1973. Flowering dogwood-an American wood.  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, FS-232.  Washington, DC. 5 p.
    25. Reddick, B. B., 0. W. Barnett, Jr., and L. W. Baxter, Jr.  1978. Viruses infecting dogwoods in South Carolina.  Proceedings of the Phytopathological Society 4:228.
    27. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service.  1975. Soil taxonomy: a basic system of soil classification  for making and interpreting soil surveys. U.S. Department of  Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 436. Washington, DC. 754  p.
    29. Vimmerstedt, John P. 1965. Flowering dogwood (Cornus  florida L.). In Silvics of forest trees of the  United States. p. 162-166. H. A. Fowells, comp. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 271.  Washington, DC.
    31. Winstead, J. E., B. J. Smith, and G. I. Wardell. 1977. Fruit  weight clines in populations of ash, ironwood, cherry,  dogwood, and maple. Castanea 42(l):56-60.
    33. Wyman, Donald. 1970. The flowering dogwood-Cornus florida.  Horticulture 48:44-45.


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!