Scientists aim to describe a single 'tree of life' that reflects the evolutionary relationships of living things. However, evolutionary relationships are a matter of ongoing discovery, and there are different opinions about how living things should be grouped and named. EOL reflects these differences by supporting several different scientific 'classifications'. Some species have been named more than once. Such duplicates are listed under synonyms. EOL also provides support for common names which may vary across regions as well as languages.

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Preferred marks the preferred classification for this taxon.

Recognized By Rank Classification
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013
view in classification
JELA Adjusted List 2 for BioBlitz
  • Ilex decidua
BOLDS resource for species-level taxa
Bioimages XML for EOL harvest
  • Ilex decidua
Botany resource
DiscoverLife map resource
  • Ilex decidua
FEIS Invasiveness (structured data)
  • Ilex decidua
Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) - Plants
Global Biotic Interactions Species
Global Compendium of Weeds Species
  • Ilex decidua Import
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
view in classification
JELA 862 Species
  • Ilex decidua
BOLDS images II Species
JELA All Categories Full Species List January 2013
  • Ilex decidua
Jean Lafitte National Historic Park and Preserve Species List
  • Ilex decidua
Lily Database Species
NCBI Taxonomy
view in classification
NMNH Botany Elevation Data: Ferns & Flowering Plants Species
National Wetland Plant List 2013
NatureServe resource Species
BOLDS images II Species outlinks
  • Ilex decidua
USDA PLANTS Structured Data
  • Ilex decidua
USDA Plants
Wikimedia Commons
iNaturalist Images Species


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

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