The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • Funk, V. A., P. E. Berry, S. Alexander, T. H. Hollowell & C. L. Kelloff. 2007. Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55: 1–584.
  • Hokche, O., P. E. Berry & O. Huber. (eds.) 2008. Nuevo Cat. Fl. Vasc. Venez. 1–860. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, Caracas.
  • Isotype: Maguire, B. & Steyermark, J. A. 1989. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 51: 121.
  • Jones, D.T. 1996. The Status and Management of Colubrina asiatica (latherleaf) in Everglades National Park. South Florida Natural Resources Center, Everglades National Park, Homestead.
  • Jones, D.T. 1997. Ecological consequences of latherleaf (Colubrina asiatica) in southern Florida. Wildland Weeds (Winter 1997): 11-12.
  • Langeland, K.A. (ed.). 1998. Most Invasive Plants of Natural Areas in Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville. [in press]
  • Langeland, K.A. and R.K. Stocker. 1997. Control of Non-native Plants in Natural Areas of Florida – SP242. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville.
  • Memoire sur la Famille des Rhamnees 62. 1826. (Mém. Fam. Rhamnées)
  • Memoirs of The New York Botanical Garden 51: 121, 51F, G. 1989. (Mem. New York Bot. Gard.)
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Rhamnaceae of North America Update
  • Schultz, G.E. 1992. Stewardship Abstract – Colubrina asiatica. The Nature Conservancy, Florida Musuem of Natural History, Gainesville.
  • Swearingen, J. 2009. WeedUS Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States: Asiatic Colubrina (Colubrina asiatica).
  • The Nature Conservancy. Colubrina: Element Stewardship Abstract. In: Wildland Weeds Management & Research Program, Weeds on the Web.
  • Tomlinson, P.B. 1980. The Biology of Trees Native to Tropical Florida. Harvard University Printing Office, Allston.
  • USDA, NRCS. 2009. The PLANTS Database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.


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