Regularity: Regularly occurring
Global Range: Alabama and Tennessee, southwestern Missouri, northwestern Arkansas, eastern Oklahoma to central Texas.
Localities documented in Tropicos sources
United States (North America)
Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
- Gleason, H. A. 1968. The Choripetalous Dicotyledoneae. vol. 2. 655 pp. In H. A. Gleason Ill. Fl. N. U.S. (ed. 3). New York Botanical Garden, New York. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1704
- Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas i–xv, 1–1881. The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1493
- Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1327
Comments: On limestone outcrops in deciduous forests; e.g. Postoak- Blackjack forest, oak-pine forest.
Number of Occurrences
Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.
Estimated Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300
Comments: Globally, perhaps as few as 200 EOs or as many as 1000 (E. Bridges, TN).
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: N4 - Apparently Secure
Cotinus obovatus syn. C. americanus (chittamwood, American smokewood) is one of two species of flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae, native to the southeastern USA. It is a deciduous, conical shrub growing to 10 m (33 ft) tall by 8 m (26 ft) broad, with oval leaves up to 12 cm (5 in) long. It produces panicles of pink-grey flowers in summer, and its foliage turns a brilliant scarlet in autumn (fall). The smokey effect derives from the clusters of hairs on the spent flower stalks. It is cultivated in gardens and parks in temperate regions.
The Latin specific epithet obovatus means "in the shape of an inverted egg", and refers to the broadly oval shape of the leaves.
References[edit source | edit]
Names and Taxonomy
Comments: Distinct species; only native North American species of a small relict genus with one Eurasian and one Sino-taxon.