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Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [NW India, Nepal, Pakistan; SW Asia, Europe].
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S. Europe, W. Asia, Himalaya, India, China.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Shrubs, 3-5 m tall. Petiole up to 3.5 cm; leaf blade broadly elliptic to obovate, 3-8 × 2.5-6 cm, gray pubescent on both sides or more distinctly so abaxially, base rounded to broadly cuneate, margin entire, apex rounded to retuse, lateral veins 6-11 pairs. Inflorescence paniculate, pubescent. Pedicel 7-10 mm; flower ca. 3 mm in diam. Calyx glabrous, lobes ovate-triangular, ca. 1.2 × 0.8 mm. Petals ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 2-2.5 × ca. 1 mm. Stamens ca. 1.5 mm; anthers ovoid, equal to filaments in length. Disk 5-lobed, purplish brown. Ovary subglobose, ca. 0.5 mm in diam.; styles 3, free, unequal. Drupe reniform, ca. 4.5 × 2.5 mm, glabrous. Fl. Feb-Aug, fr. May-Nov.
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Elevation Range

1100-2400 m
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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

Rhus cotinus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 267. 1753.
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Ecology

Habitat

Hill forests, hill and mountain thickets; 700-2400 m.
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Associations

In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / sap sucker
Calophya rhois sucks sap of Cotinus coggygria

Foodplant / parasite
Erysiphe alphitoides parasitises Cotinus coggygria

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Cotinus coggygria

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Cotinus coggygria

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Wikipedia

Cotinus coggygria

Cotinus coggygria, syn. Rhus cotinus (Eurasian smoketree, smoke tree, or smoke bush) is a species of flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae, native to a large area from southern Europe, east across central Asia and the Himalayas to northern China.

It is a multiple-branching shrub growing to 5–7 m (16–23 ft) tall with an open, spreading, irregular habit, only rarely forming a small tree. The leaves are 3-8 cm long rounded ovals, green with a waxy glaucous sheen. The autumn colour can be strikingly varied, from peach and yellow to scarlet. The flowers are numerous, produced in large inflorescences 15–30 cm (5.9–11.8 in) long; each flower 5-10 mm diameter, with five pale yellow petals. Most of the flowers in each inflorescence abort, elongating into yellowish-pink to pinkish-purple feathery plumes (when viewed en masse these have a wispy 'smoke-like' appearance, hence the common name) which surround the small (2-3 mm) drupaceous fruit that do develop.

Cultivation and uses[edit]

It is commonly grown as an ornamental plant, with several cultivars available. Many of these have been selected for purple foliage and flowers.

The species[1] and its cultivars 'Royal Purple'[2] and 'Flame'[3] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3]

The wood was formerly used to make the yellow dye called young fustic.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "RHS Plant Selector Cotinus coggygria AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-10-01. 
  2. ^ "RHS Plant Selector Cotinus coggygria 'Royal Purple' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-10-01. 
  3. ^ a b "RHS Plant Selector Cotinus 'Flame' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-10-01. 
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