The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2005. eFloras: Flora of China
  • Anacardiaceae of North America Update
  • Asogwa, E.U., /mokwunge, I. U., Yahaya, L.E. & Ajao, A.A. (2007) Evalutation of Cashew Nut Shell Liquid (CNSL) as a Potential Natural Insecticide Against Termites (Soldiers and Worker Castes). Research Journal of Applied Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 9, 939-42.
  • Bailey, L.H., E.Z. Bailey, and the L.H. Bailey Hortatorium. 1976. Hortus Third: A concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. New York: Macmillan.
  • Eichbaum, F.W., Koch-Wesser, D. & Leoo, A.T. (1950) Activity of cashew (anacardium occidentale) nutschell oil in human ancylostomiasis. American Journal of Digestive Diseases. vol 17. No. 11, 370-7.
  • Encyclopedia Brittanica. 1993. “Cashew.” Micropedia 2: 920. 15th ed.
  • Honorato, Talita Lopez, Rabelo, Maria Cristiane, Gonclaves, Luciana Rocha Barros. (2007) Fermentation of cashew apple juice to produce high added value products. World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology. vol 23, No. 10, 1409-15.
  • Konan, Nzi Andre, Bacchi, Elfriede Marrianne, et. al. (2007) Acute, subacute toxicity and genotoxicity effect of hydroethanolic extract of the Cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.). Journal of Ethnopharmacology. vol. 110, Issue 1. 30-38.
  • Laurens, Alain, Frourneau, Christophe, Hocquemiller, Reynald, et. al. (1997) Antivectorial Activities of Cashew Nut Shell Extracts from Anacardium occidentale L. Phytotherpy Research. vol. 11, issue. 2, 145-146.
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Morton, J. F. 1987. Cashew Apple. Fruits of warm climates. Julia F. Morton, Miami, FL. pp. 239–240. Available online:
  • Mwalongo, Gerold C.J., Mkayula, Lupituko L., Mukofu, Egid B. & Mwingira, Bonaventura A. (1999) Preventing termite attack. Environmentally friendly chemical combinations of cashew nut shell liquid, sulfated wattle tannin and copper (II) chloride. Green Chemistry. issue 1, 13-16.
  • Nair, MK, Bhaskara Rao, EVV, Nambiar KKN, Nambiar MC. (1979) Cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) Monograph on Plantation Crops.
  • Oparaeka, A.M. & Bunmi, O.J.(2006) Insecticidal potential of cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) for control of the beetle, Callosobruchus sobinnotatus (Pic.)(Bruchidae) on bambarra-groundnut (Voandzeia subterranea L.) Verde. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection. vol. 39, issue 4.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Apr 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. (2009) Screening-Level Hazard Characterization: Cashew, Nutshell Liquid (CASRN 8007-24-7). Hazard Characterization Document.
  • van Wyk, B.-E. Food Plants of the World: An Illustrated Guide. Portland, OR: Timber Press. P. 57.


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