Regularity: Regularly occurring
Global Range: Seacoast.
Comments: Grows along tropical seacoast.
Depth range (m): 1 - 1
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Habitat & Distribution
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Suriana maritima
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Suriana maritima
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: N4 - Apparently Secure
Suriana is a monotypic genus of flowering plants containing only Suriana maritima, which is commonly known as bay cedar. It has a pantropical distribution and can be found on coasts in the New and Old World tropics. Bay cedar is an evergreen shrub or small tree, usually reaching a height of 1–2 m (3.3–6.6 ft) and sometimes reaching 6 m (20 ft). The leaves are alternate, simple, 1–6 cm (0.39–2.36 in) long and 0.6 cm (0.24 in) wide. The grey-green, succulent foliage yields an aroma similar to that of cedar when crushed, hence the common name. Its yellow flowers are solitary or in short cymes among the leaves. Flowers have a diameter of 1.5 cm (0.59 in) when open, with petals 6–10 mm (0.24–0.39 in) long and sepals 7–10 mm (0.28–0.39 in) long. Bay cedar flowers throughout the year. After fertilisation, the flowers form clusters of five dry, hard drupes 3–4 mm (0.12–0.16 in) in diameter. The drupes are buoyant and can maintain the viability of the seeds during long periods in seawater, allowing the seeds to be dispersed by the ocean.
- "Suriana L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1996-09-17. Retrieved 2009-12-06.
- "Suriana maritima L.". TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Gardens. Retrieved 2009-12-06.
- "Subordinate Taxa of Suriana L.". TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Gardens. Retrieved 2009-12-06.
- "Suriana maritima L. bay-cedar". International Institute of Tropical Forestry. United States Forest Service. Retrieved 2009-12-06.
- Nelson, Gil (1996). The Shrubs and Woody Vines of Florida: a Reference and Field Guide. Pineapple Press, Inc. p. 345. ISBN 978-1-56164-110-9.
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Though Linnaeus cites his generic name from Hortus Cliffortianus but Dr. N.K.B. Robson has kindly intimated that now there is no specimen in the Clifford Herbarium. As all the three specimens in LINN. were acquired after 1753 hence these are not elligible to be treated as Types. This leaves three literature references as Syntypes. Plumier, from which Linnaeus-took the generic name, has not given any illustration. Pluknet (alm.: t. 241. f. 5. 1696) gives a rather stylised illustration of sterile material. Hence the illustration given by Sloane (loc. cit.) is chosen here as the Lectotype.
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