- Rappé, G. (1984). The distribution of some lesser known thalassochorous plant species along the Belgian coast, compared with their distribution in western Europe. Biol. Jb. Dodonaea 52: 35-56 http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=133477
- Provoost, S.; Bonte, D. (Ed.) (2004). Animated dunes: a view of biodiversity at the Flemish coast [Levende duinen: een overzicht van de biodiversiteit aan de Vlaamse kust]. Mededelingen van het Instituut voor Natuurbehoud, 22. Instituut voor Natuurbehoud: Brussel, Belgium. ISBN 90-403-0205-7. 416, ill., appendices pp. http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=133005
Regularity: Regularly occurring
larva of Ceutorhynchus cakilis feeds on Crambe maritima
In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / parasite
Erysiphe cruciferarum parasitises live Crambe maritima
Animal / pathogen
Rhizoctonia anamorph of Helicobasidium purpureum infects root of Crambe maritima
Other: minor host/prey
Foodplant / parasite
colony of sporangium of Peronospora parasitica parasitises live Crambe maritima
Remarks: season: 1-4
Foodplant / pathogen
Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris infects and damages live, yellow-blotched leaf of Crambe maritima
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Crambe maritima
No available public DNA sequences.
Download FASTA File
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Crambe maritima
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 10
Species With Barcodes: 1
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked
Crambe maritima (common name sea kale or seakale) is a species of halophytic flowering plant in the genus Crambe of the family Brassicaceae, that grows wild along the coasts of Europe, from the North Atlantic to the Black Sea. Growing to 75 cm (30 in) tall by 60 cm (24 in) wide, it is a mound-forming, spreading perennial. It has large fleshy glaucous collard-like leaves and abundant white flowers. The seeds come one each in globular pods.
The plant is cultivated both as an ornamental plant and as a vegetable, related to the cabbage. Along the coast of England, where it is commonly found above high tide mark on shingle beaches, local people heaped loose shingle around the naturally occurring root crowns in springtime, thus blanching the emerging shoots. By the early 18th century it had become established as a garden vegetable, but its height of popularity was the early 19th century when sea kale appeared in Thomas Jefferson's Garden Book of 1809, and it was served at the Prince Regent's Royal Pavilion in Brighton. The shoots are served like asparagus: steamed, with either a béchamel sauce or melted butter, salt and pepper. It is apt to get bruised or damaged in transport and should be eaten very soon after cutting, this may explain its subsequent decline in popularity. However, given a rich, deep and sandy soil, it is easy to propagate and grow on from root cuttings available from specialist nurseries. Blanching may be achieved by covering it with opaque material or using a deep, loose and dry mulch.
- RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. pp. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.
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