The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1.  Abrams, Marc D.; Dickmann, Donald I. 1984. Floristic composition before        and after prescribed fire on a jack pine clear-cut site in northern        lower Michigan. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 14: 746-749.        [7236]
  • 10.  Dimock, Edward J., II; Johnston, William F.; Stein, William I. 1974.        Gaultheria L.  wintergreen. In: Schopmeyer, C. S., ed. Seeds of woody        plants in the United States. Agriculture Handbook No. 450. Washington,        DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 422-426.  [7671]
  • 11.  Duncan, Wilbur H.; Duncan, Marion B. 1987. The Smithsonian guide to        seaside plants of the Gulf and Atlantic Coasts from Louisiana to        Massachusetts, exclusive of lower peninsular Florida. Washington, DC:        Smithsonian Institution Press. 409 p.  [12906]
  • 13.  Fernald, Merritt Lyndon. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. [Corrections        supplied by R. C. Rollins]
  • 14.  Flinn, Marguerite A.; Pringle, Joan K. 1983. Heat tolerance of rhizomes        of several understory species. Canadian Journal of Botany. 61: 452-457.        [8444]
  • 15.  Flinn, Marguerite A.; Wein, Ross W. 1977. Depth of underground plant        organs and theoretical survival during fire. Canadian Journal of Botany.        55: 2550-2554.  [6362]
  • 16.  Flinn, Marguerite Adele. 1980. Heat penetration and early postfire        regeneration of some understory species in the Acadian forest. Halifax,        NB: University of New Brunswick. 87 p. Thesis.  [9876]
  • 18.  Gleason, Henry A.; Cronquist, Arthur. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of        northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 2nd ed. New York: New        York Botanical Garden. 910 p.  [20329]
  • 19.  Heimburger, Carl C. 1934. Forest-type studies in the Adirondack Region.        Memoir 165. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University, Agricultural Experiment        Station. 122 p.  [21495]
  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2.  Archambault, Louis; Barnes, Burton V.; Witter, John A. 1989. Ecological        species groups of oak ecosystems of southeastern Michigan. Forest        Science. 35(4): 1058-1074.  [9768]
  • 20.  Kittredge, J., Jr. 1934. Evidence of the rate of forest succession on        Star Island, Minnesota. Ecology. 15(1): 24-35.  [10102]
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 21.  Kotar, John; Kovach, Joseph A.; Locey, Craig T. 1988. Field guide to        forest habitat types of northern Wisconsin. Madison, WI: University of        Wisconsin, Department of Forestry; Wisconsin Department of Natural        Resources. 217 p.  [11510]
  • 23.  Kudish, Michael. 1992. Adirondack upland flora: an ecological        perspective. Saranac, NY: The Chauncy Press. 320 p.  [19376]
  • 24.  Kurmis, Vilis; Webb, Sara L.; Merriam, Lawrence C., Jr. 1986. Plant        communities of Voyageurs National Park, Minnesota, U.S.A. Canadian        Journal of Botany. 64: 531-540.  [16088]
  • 26.  Martin, J. Lynton. 1955. Observations on the origin and early        development of a plant community following a forest fire. Forestry        Chronicle. 31: 154-161.  [11363]
  • 27.  Pivorunas, David J. 1987. Gaultheria procumbens. American Nurseryman.        166(9): 218.  [22716]
  • 28.  Radford, Albert E.; Ahles, Harry E.; Bell, C. Ritchie. 1968. Manual of        the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of        North Carolina Press. 1183 p.  [7606]
  • 3.  Beaufait, W. R.; Brown, R. T. 1962. Phytogeography of a representative        outwash plain jack pine site. Papers of the Michigan Academy of Science,        Arts & Letters. 47: 201-209.  [7239]
  • 30.  Sidhu, S. S. 1973. Early effects of burning and logging in        pine-mixedwoods. II. Recovery in numbers of species and ground cover of        minor vegetation. Inf. Rep. PS-X-47. Chalk River, ON: Canadian Forestry        Service, Petawawa Forest Experiment Station. 23 p.  [8227]
  • 31.  Sperka, Marie. 1973. Growing wildflowers: A gardener's guide. New York:        Harper & Row. 277 p.  [10578]
  • 32.  Robinette, Sadie L. 1974. Checkerberry wintergreen (Gaultheria        procembens L. In: Gill, John D.; Healy, William M., compiler (also        revised). Shrubs and vinesfor northeastern wildlife. Gen. Tech. Rep.        NE-9. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 20-22.  [10109]
  • 33.  Ross, S. Rachel. 1978. The effects of prescribed burning on ground cover        vegetation of white pine and mixed hardwood forests in southeastern New        Hampshire. Durham, NH: University of New Hamshire. 151 p. Thesis.        [20674]
  • 35.  Trimble, George R., Jr.; Patric, James H.; Gill, John D.; [and others]
  • 37.  Van Dersal, William R. 1938. Native woody plants of the United States,        their erosion-control and wildlife values. Washington, DC: U.S.        Department of Agriculture. 362 p.  [4240]
  • 38.  Vogl, R. J. 1964. The effects of fire on the vegetational composition of        bracken-grassland. Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters. 53:        67-82.  [9142]
  • 39.  Vogl, Richard J. 1971. Fire and the northern Wisconsin pine barrens. In:        Proceedings, annual Tall Timbers Fire ecology conference; 1970 August        20-21; New Brunsick, Canada. No. 10. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers        Research Station: 175-209.  [2432]
  • 4.  Braun, E. Lucy. 1950. Deciduous forests of eastern North America.        Philadelphia, PA: Blakiston Books. [pages unknown]
  • 41.  White, Douglas W.; Stiles, Edmund W. 1992. Bird dispersal of fruits of        species introduced into eastern North America. Canadian Journal of        Botany. 70: 1689-1696.  [19713]
  • 42.  Whittaker, R. H. 1956. Vegetation of the Great Smoky Mountains.        Ecological Monographs. 26(1): 1-79.  [11108]
  • 43.  Bray, William L. 1920. The history of forest development on an undrained        sand plain in the Adirondacks. Syracuse, NY: New York State College of        Forestry. 47 p.  [21340]
  • 44.  Buell, Murray F.; Cantlon, John E. 1953. Effects of prescribed burning        on ground cover in the New Jersey pine region. Ecology. 34: 520-528.        [9262]
  • 45.  Chou, Y. L. 1952. Floral morphology of three species of Gaultheria.        Botanical Gazette. 114: 198-221.  [9500]
  • 46.  Hoefs, M. E. G.; Shay, Jennifer M. 1981. The effects of shade on shoot        growth of Vaccinium angustifolium Ait. after fire pruning in        southeastern Manitoba. Canadian Journal of Botany. 59: 166-174.  [4977]
  • 47.  Hough, A. F. 1936. A climax forest community on East Tionesta Creek in        northwestern Pennsylvania. Ecology. 17(1): 9-28.  [3460]
  • 48.  Martin, J. Lynton. 1956. An ecological survey of burned-over forest land        in southwestern Nova Scotia. Forestry Chronicle. 32: 313-336.  [8932]
  • 49.  Martin, N. D. 1959. An anaylsis of forest succession in Algonquin Park,        Ontario. Ecological Monographs. 29(3): 187-218.  [19930]
  • 5.  Braun, E. Lucy. 1961. The woody plants of Ohio. Columbus, OH: Ohio State        University Press. 362 p.  [12914]
  • 50.  Matlack, G. R.; Good, R. E. 1989. Plant-scale pattern among herbs and        shrubs of a fire-dominated coastal plain forest. Vegetatio. 82: 95-103.        [9829]
  • 51.  Ohmann, Lewis F.; Grigal, David F. 1979. Early revegetation and nutrient        dynamics following the 1971 Little Sioux Forest Fire in northeastern        Minnesota. Forest Science Monograph 21. Bethesda, MD: The Society of        American Foresters. 80 p.  [6992]
  • 52.  Crow, T. R.; Mroz, G. D.; Gale, M. R. 1991. Regrowth and nutrient        accumulations following whole-tree harvesting of a maple-oak forest.        Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 21: 1305-1315.  [16600]
  • 53.  MacLean, David A.; Wein, Ross W. 1977. Changes in understory vegetation        with increasing stand age in New Brunswick forests: species composition,        cover, biomass, and nutrients. Canadian Journal of Botany. 55:        2818-2831.  [10106]
  • 54.  Matlack, G. R.; Gibson, D. J.; Good, R. E. 1993. Clonal propagation,        local disturbance, and the structure of vegetation: Ericaceous shrubs in        the Pine Barrens of New Jersey. Biological Conservation. 63: 1-8.        [20098]
  • 55.  Mirick, Sally; Quinn, James A. 1981. Some observations on the        reproductive biology of Gaultheria procumbens (Ericaceae). American        Journal of Botany. 68(10): 1298-1305.  [10113]
  • 56.  Shirley, Hardy L. 1932. Light intensity in relation to plant growth in a        virgin Norway pine forest. Journal of Agricultural Research. 44:        227-244.  [10360]
  • 57.  Stallard, Harvey. 1929. Secondary succession in the climax forest        formations of northern Minnesota. Ecology. 10(4): 476-547.  [3808]
  • 58.  Strang, R. M. 1971. The ecology of the rocky heathlands of western Nova        Scotia. In: Proceedings, annual Tall Timbers fire ecology conference;        1970 August 20-21; Fredericton, NB. No. 10. Tallahassee, FL: Tall        Timbers Research Station: 287-292.  [5466]
  • 59.  Weatherbee, Pamela B.; Crow, Garrett E. 1992. Natural plant communities        of Berkshire County, Massachusetts. Rhodora. 94(878): 171-209.  [19726]
  • 60.  Wilm, H. G. 1936. The relation of successional development to the        silviculture of forest burn communities in southern New York. Ecology.        17(2): 283-291.  [3483]
  • 7.  Cain, Stanley A. 1931. Ecological studies of the vegetation of the Great        Smoky Mountains of North Carolina and Tennessee. Botanical Gazette. 91:        22-41.  [10340]
  • 8.  Coffman, Michael S.; Alyanak, Edward; Resovsky, Richard. 1980. Field        guide habitat classification system: For Upper Peninsula of Michigan and        northeast Wisconsin. [Place of publication unknown]
  • 9.  Collins, Scott L.; Good, Ralph E. 1986. Canopy-ground layer        relationships of oak-pine forests in the New Jersey Pine Barrens.        American Midland Naturalist. 117(2): 280-288.  [8636]
  • Ericaceae of North America Update
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2014. Insect Visitors of Illinois Wildflowers.  World Wide Web electronic publication. illinoiswildflowers.info, version (07/2014) 
    See:   Abbreviations for Insect ActivitiesAbbreviations for Scientific ObserversReferences for behavioral observations
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Apr 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.

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