The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bothalia 1(3): 176. 1922. (6 May 1922) (Bothalia)
  • Flora Orientalis 5: 581. 1884. (Fl. Orient.)
  • Florae Africae Australioris Illustrationes Monographicae 407–408. 1841. (Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill.)
  • Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. M. Welman, E. Retief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. Van Wyk & A. Nicholas. 1987. List of species of southern African plants. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa 2(1–2): 1–152(pt. 1), 1–270(pt. 2).
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: (2015). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Sep 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Nees. 1841. In: Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill. : 407


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