Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

"Notes: Cultivated, Plains"
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Miscellaneous Details

Notes: Semi evergreen and Evergreen Forest mostly alonmg banks of streams also planted as an avenue tree
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Miscellaneous Details

Timber used for ships building and furniture.
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Derivation of specific name

reginae: of a queen
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Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Distribution

"Maharashtra: Ahmednagar, Pune, Raigad, Ratnagiri, Satara, Sindhudurg Karnataka: Chikmagalur, Coorg, Hassan, Mysore, N. Kanara, Shimoga, S. Kanara Tamil Nadu: All districts"
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Kerala: All districts
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Distribution: Assam and South India. Cultivated elsewhere.
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Burma, Thailand, Indo-China, Malaysia, sometimes planted.
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Physical Description

Morphology

"
Field Tips

Bark smooth, usually grey, wood light red and hard.

Flower

In terminal panicles, mauve. Flowering from April-June.

Fruit

A capsule, ellipsoid or sub globose, minutely apiculate. Seeds winged, pale brown. Fruiting from June onwards.

Leaf Apices

Sub acute

Leaf arrangement

Decussate

Leaf Bases

Rounded

Leaf Margins

Entire

Leaf Shapes

Lanceolate

Leaf Types

Simple

Habit

A large sized deciduous tree.

"
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Description

Tree, 7 m or more tall. Leaves oval or elliptic, obtuse or acutish, 8.2-15.2 cm long, 3.3-7.1 cm broad, petiole 5-9 mm long. Panicles 14-35.5 cm long. Hypanthium 8-10 mm long, 11-13 mm broad, 12-ribbed, tomentose. Epicalyx minute, thick. Sepals 7-8 mm long, 4.5-5 mm broad, in fruit spreading, woody. Petals 3.2-3.5 cm long, 2.1-2.5 cm broad, claw 5-6 mm. Ovary 6 mm in diameter. Capsule 1.7-2 cm in diameter, rugose.
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Elevation Range

1300 m
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Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

Habit: Medium tree
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Diagnostic

Habit: Tree
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Ecology

Habitat

General Habitat

"Mainly along the river banks up to 1000m. Native of China. Found along the Western Ghats and Assam, Sri Lanka and Malaysia."
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flower/Fruit

Fl. Per.: May July.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Lagerstroemia speciosa

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Lagerstroemia speciosa

Lagerstroemia speciosa (Giant Crape-myrtle, Queen's Crape-myrtle, Banabá Plant for Philippines, or Pride of India[2]) is a species of Lagerstroemia native to tropical southern Asia.

Growth[edit]

It is a small to medium-sized tree growing to 20 metres (66 ft) tall, with smooth, flaky bark. The leaves are deciduous, oval to elliptic, 8–15 cm (3.1–5.9 in) long and 3–7 cm (1.2–2.8 in) broad, with an acute apex. The flowers are produced in erect panicles 20–40 cm (7.9–15.7 in) long, each flower with six white to purple petals 2–3.5 cm (0.79–1.38 in) long.

Cultivation and uses[edit]

It is grown in South East Asia, India and the Philippines. It is also widely cultivated as an ornamental plant in tropical and subtropical areas.

Banabá has a long history of folkloric medical applications that include blood pressure control, urinary dysfunctions (helps ease urination), cholesterol level control, treatment of diarrhea, facilitates bowel movement, diabetes and as an analgesic.[3][unreliable source?] The chemical compounds that have been isolated from the extract include corosolic acid, lager-stroemin, flosin B, and reginin A.[citation needed] The leaves of the Banabá and other parts are used widely by the Philippines, Taiwan, and Japan as a tea preparation. Banabá herb is one of the 69 herbal plants promoted by the Philippine Department of Health (DOH).[4]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers. — The Plant List
  2. ^ "Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers. pride of India." PLANTS Profile, United States Department of Agriculture / Natural Resources Conservation Service. Retrieved 2008-07-15.
  3. ^ "Banaba". medicalhealthguide.com. Retrieved 2012-08-15. 
  4. ^ Eduardo B. Principe and Aurora S. Jose (2002). "Propagation Management Of Herbal and Medicinal Plants". Research Information Series On Ecosystems 14 (2). Retrieved 25 January 2013. 
  • Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening 3: 10.
  • P. Campagna. Farmaci vegetali. Minerva Medica ed. Torino 2008
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Notes

Comments

Much larger but less hardy than the last species. Planted in the plains; not common.
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