The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • AFPD. 2008. African Flowering Plants Database - Base de Donnees des Plantes a Fleurs D'Afrique.
  • Annuario del Reale Istituto Botanico di Roma 7: 67, t. 5. 1897. (Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma)
  • Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information Kew 1933: 105. 1933. (Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew)
  • Chiov. 1897. In: Annuario Reale Ist. Bot. Roma 7: 67
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: (2013). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Oct 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Kirkia 4: 173. 1964. (Kirkia)
  • Phillips, S. 1995. Poaceae (Gramineae). Fl. Ethiopia 7: i–xx, 1–420.


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