The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


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  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • Image metadata at Bioimages ( External link.
  • Nyssaceae of North America Update
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
    1. Applequist, M. B. 1959. Longevity of submerged tupelo-gum  and baldcypress seed. Louisiana State University, Forestry  Note 27. Baton Rouge. 2 p.
    3. Applequist, M. B. 1959. A study of soil and site factors  affecting the growth and development of swamp blackgum and  tupelo-gum stands in southeastern Georgia. Thesis (D.F.),  Duke University, Durham, NC.
    5. Bonner, F. T., and H. E. Kennedy, Jr. 1973. Storage of  water tupelo seeds. Tree Planters'Notes 24:7-8.
    7. Broadfoot, Walter M. 1976. Hardwood suitability for and  properties of important Midsouth soils. USDA Forest Service,  Research Paper SO-127. Southern Forest Experiment Station,  New Orleans, IA. 84 p.
    9. Broadfoot, W. M., and R. M. Krinard. 1961. Growth of  hardwood plantations on bottoms in loess areas. Tree  Planters' Notes 48:3-8.
    11. Dickson, R. E., and T. C. Broyer. 1972. Effects of  aeration, water supply, and nitrogen source on growth and  development of tupelo-gum and baldcypress. Ecology  53(4):626-634.
    13. Dickson, R. E., J. F. Hosner, and N. W. Hosley. 1965. The  effects of four water regimes upon the growth of four  bottomland species. Forest Science 11(3):299-305.
    15. Eyre, F. H., ed. 1980. Forest cover types of the United  States and Canada. Society of American Foresters,  Washington, DC. 148 p.
    17. Hadley, E. W. 1926. A preliminary study of the growth and  yield of second-growth tupelo-gum in the Atchafalaya Basin  of southern Louisiana. Lumber Trade Journal 90(10):17-18. 
    19. Halls, Lowell K., ed. 1977. Southern fruit-producing woody  plants used by wildlife. USDA Forest Service, General  Technical Report SO-16. Southern Forest Experiment Station,  New Orleans, LA. 235 p.
    21. Harms, W. R. 1973. Some effects of soil type and water  regime on growth of tupelo seedlings. Ecology 54:188-193. 
    23. Hook, D., and C. L. Brown. 1973. Root adaptations and  relative flood tolerance of five hardwood species. Forest  Science 19:225-229.
    25. Hook, Donal D., and R. M. Crawford, eds. 1978. Plant life in  anaerobic environments. p. 311. Ann Arbor Science  Publishers, Ann Arbor, MI.
    27. Hook, D. D., and D. S. DeBell. 1970. Factors influencing  stump sprouting of swamp and water tupelo seedlings. USDA  Forest Service, Research Paper SE-57. Southeastern Forest  Experiment Station, Asheville, NC. 9 p.
    29. Hook, D. D., and J. Stubbs. 1967. Physiographic seed source  variation in tupelo-gums grown in various water regimes.  In Proceedings, Ninth Southern Forest Tree  Improvement Conference. p. 61-64. International Tree Seed  Laboratory, Macon, GA.
    31. Hook, D. D.,W. P. LeGrande, and 0. G. Langdon. 1967. Stump  sprouts on water tupelo. Southern Lumberman  215(2680):111-112.
    33. Hook, D. D., 0. G. Langdon, J. Stubbs, and C. L. Brown.  1970. Effect of water regimes on the survival, growth, and  morphology of tupelo seedlings. Forest Science  16:304-311.
    35. Hosner, J. F., and A. L. Leaf. 1962. The effect of soil  saturation upon the dry weight, ash content, and nutrient  absorption of various bottomland tree seedlings.  Proceedings, Soil Science Society of America 26(4):401-404. 
    37. Johnson, R. L., and W. R. Beaufait. 1965. Water  tupelo (Nyssa aquatica L.). In Silvics of  forest trees of the United States. p. 284-286. H. A.  Fowells, comp. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture  Handbook 271. Washington, DC.
    39. Kennedy, Harvey E., Jr. 1982. Growth and survival of water  tupelo coppice regeneration after six growing seasons.  Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 6(3):133-135.
    41. Klawitter, R. A. 1964. Water tupelos like it wet. Southern  Lumberman 290(2609):108-109.
    43. Langdon, 0. Gordon, and Kenneth B. Trousdell. 1978. Stand  manipulation: effects on soil moisture and tree growth in  southern pine and pine-hardwood stands. In Proceedings, Soil  Moisture-Site Productivity Symposium, Nov. 1-3, 1977, Myrtle  Beach, SC. p. 221-236. William E. Balmer, ed. USDA Forest  Service, Southeastern Area, State and Private Forest ,  Atlanta, GA.
    45. Laundrie, J. F., and J. S. McKnight. 1969. Butt swells of  water tupelo for pulp and paper. USDA Forest Service,  Research Paper FPL-119. Forest Products Laboratory, Madison,  WI. 11 p.
    47. McGarity, R. W. 1977. Ten-year results of thinning and  clearcutting in a muck swamp timber type. International  Paper Company, Technical Note 38. Natchez Forest Research  Center, Natchez, MS. 5 p.
    49. McKnight, J. S. 1965. Hints for direct seeding southern  hardwoods. In Proceedings, Direct Seeding Workshops, Oct.  5-6 and 20-21, 1965, Alexandria, LA, and Tallahassee, FL. p.  26-35. USDA Forest Service, Atlanta, GA.
    51. Morris, R. C. 1975. Tree-eaters in the tupelo swamps.  Forests and People 25(l):22-24.
    53. Priester, David S. 1979. Stump sprouts of swamp and water  tupelo produce viable seeds. Southern Journal of Applied  Forestry 3(4):149-151.
    55. Putnam, John A., George M. Furnival, and J. S. McKnight.  1960. Management and inventory of southern hardwoods. U.S.  Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook 181.  Washington, DC. 102 p.
    57. Shunk, I. V. 1939. Oxygen requirements for germination of  Nyssa aquatica. Science 90:565-566.
    59. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. 1974. Seeds  of woody plants in the United States. C. S. Schopmeyer,  tech. coord. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture  Handbook 450. Washington, DC, 883 p.


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