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Overview

Brief Summary

Fairy flax is also known as purging flax. In earlier days, its poisonous seeds was used as a laxative for helping chronic constipation. Fairy flax grows in various kinds of soils: calcium-rich dunes, wet valleys and inland dune grasslands. Despite the large variety of possible habitats, fairy flax has grown rare in the Netherlands. It is only commonly found in the dunes. This tiny flower grows in the same kind of places where other uncommon plants grow, such as glaucous sedge and quaking grass. As long as the area is relatively open, unfertilized, not too shaded and rich in calcium, fairy flax has a chance.
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Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Ecology

Associations

Foodplant / pathogen
acervulus of Colletotrichum coelomycetous anamorph of Colletotrichum lini infects and damages seedling of Linum catharticum

Foodplant / parasite
telium of Melampsora lini var. lini parasitises live stem of Linum catharticum
Remarks: season: 5-10

Foodplant / open feeder
nocturnal larva of Rhogogaster chambersi grazes on leaf of Linum catharticum
Other: sole host/prey

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Linum catharticum

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Linum catharticum

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 8
Specimens with Barcodes: 15
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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Wikipedia

Linum catharticum

Linum catharticum or fairy flax is an herbaceous flowering plant in the genus Linum, native to Great Britain,[2] central Europe and Western Asia. The plant is annual and blooms in July and August.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 4 October 2014. 
  2. ^ "Native flora recorded from postal district CO4 (Colchester area north)". The Postcode Plant Database. Natural History Museum. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 


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