The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • AFPD. 2008. African Flowering Plants Database - Base de Donnees des Plantes a Fleurs D'Afrique.
  • Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 77(2–3): 256. 1957. (Bot. Jahrb. Syst.)
  • Bulletin de l'Institut Française d'Afrique Noire 17: 56. 1955. (Bull. Inst. Franç. Afrique Noire)
  • Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information Kew 1934: 431. 1934. (Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew)
  • C.E.Hubb. 1934. In: Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1934: 431
  • Clayton, W. D. 1971. Studies in the Gramineae: XXVI. Numerical taxonomy of the Arundinelleae. Kew Bull. 26(1): 111–123.
  • Conert, H. J. 1957. Beiträge zur Monographie der Arundinelleae. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 77(2–3): 226–354, fig. 18.
  • Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. M. Welman, E. Retief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. Van Wyk & A. Nicholas. 1987. List of species of southern African plants. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa 2(1–2): 1–152(pt. 1), 1–270(pt. 2).
  • Govaerts R. (ed). For a full list of reviewers see: (2013). WCSP: World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (version Oct 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Isotype: Hackel, E. 1884. Sitzungsber. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl., Abt. 1. 89: 123.
  • Isotype: Mez, C. C. 1921. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 84.
  • Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany 20: 300. 1883. (J. Linn. Soc., Bot.)
  • Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany 29: 65. 1891. (J. Linn. Soc., Bot.)
  • ORSTOM. 1988. List Vasc. Pl. Gabon Herbier National du Gabon, Yaounde.
  • Phillips, S. 1995. Poaceae (Gramineae). Fl. Ethiopia 7: i–xx, 1–420.
  • Phipps, J. B. 1966. Studies in the Arundinelleae (Gramineae), II. A new species and two new genera. Kirkia 5: 229–234.
  • Phipps, J. B. 1966. Studies in the Arundinelleae, III. Check-list and key to the genera. Kirkia 5: 235–258.
  • Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 17: 84. 1921. (Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg.)
  • Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe, Abteilung 1 89: 123. 1884. (Sitzungsber. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl., Abt. 1)
  • Syntype: Hackel, E. 1900. Mem. Herb. Boissier. 20: 9.
  • Type fragment: Mez, C. C. 1921. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 17: 84.


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