Brief Summary

Read full entry

Caraway (Carum carvi) probably originated in western Turkey, but is now found growing wild throughout North and Central Europe, as well as Central Asia. It has been cultivated since ancient times. Although Caraway is grown today in many countries, the plant does well in northern climates and the Netherlands, Finland, Poland, and Canada are major producers. The "seeds" (each "seed" is actually a tiny fruit) are used to flavor cakes, bread, cheese, soups, and meat dishes, as well as the liqueur known as kümmel.The main constituent of the essential oil is carvone. The young leaves have been used in salads and the taproots have sometimes been served as a vegetable (like parsnip). (Vaughan and Geissler 1997)

Caraway is a member of the carrot family (Apiaceae or Umbelliferae). It is a much-branched, hollow-stemmed herbaceous plant, 30 to 80 cm in height, with both biennial and annual forms. Its bipinnate leaves have pinnatifid segments with deep, linear-lanceolate lobes. Its small white flowers are borne in compound umbels, sometimes with a few bracts. The fruit is 3 to 6 mm in length and light brown and each half has five pale ridges. Caraway is often confused with cumin. (Vaughan and Geissler 1997)


Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Leo Shapiro

Supplier: Leo Shapiro

Belongs to 0 communities

This taxon hasn't been featured in any communities yet.

Learn more about Communities


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!