Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Physical Description

Type Information

Type for Solanum arizonicum Parish
Catalog Number: US 211749
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Card file verified by examination of alleged type specimen
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): J. W. Toumey
Year Collected: 1892
Locality: Hot Springs., Arizona, United States, North America
  • Type: Parish, S. B. 1901. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. ser. 3,bot. 2: 165.
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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Wikipedia

Solanum douglasii

Solanum douglasii is a species of nightshade known by the common name greenspot nightshade.

It is native to the northern half of Mexico and the southwestern south-central United States. Its habitat includes scrub and woodland.

Description[edit]

Solanum douglasii is a perennial herb or subshrub approaching two meters in maximum height. The stem is coated in short, white hairs. The leaves may be up to 9 centimeters long and have smooth or toothed edges.

The inflorescence is an umbel-shaped array of flowers with star-shaped white corollas up to a centimeter wide. There are generally green spots at the bases of the corolla lobes. The yellow anthers are a few millimeters in length. Flowers may be seen blooming throughout much of the year.[1]

The fruit is a spherical berry up to a centimeter wide.

Uses

Native Americans used the juice of the berries medicinally, and the Luiseño used it as dye for tattooing.[2]

References[edit]

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