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Lycium carolinianum, or Carolina wolfberry, is found in salt marshes of the Aransas National Wildlife Refuge, Texas (Butzler & Davis, 2006: 846). L. carolinianum is a perennial halophyte, meaning it is salt tolerant. Leaf production occurs in late winter and late summer, and flowering in October and November (Butzler & Davis, 2006: 849). The numbers of flowers (r2 = 0.47, p = 0.024) and leaves per plant (r2 = 0.48, p = 0.022) were related to pore-water salinity and mean water depth. Peak berry abundances occur in late October and early November, coinciding with the arrival of the whooping cranes to the refuge. These berries are consumed by the migrating Whooping Crane (Butzler & Davis, 2006: 851).
Butzler, R.E., & Davis, S.E., 2006. Growth patterns of Carolina Wolfberry (Lycium Carolinianum L.) in the salt marshes of Aransas National Wildlife Refuge, Texas, USA. Wetlands 26(3): 845–853.