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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Lycium carolinianum, or Carolina wolfberry, is found in salt marshes of the Aransas National Wildlife Refuge, Texas (Butzler & Davis, 2006: 846). L. carolinianum is a perennial halophyte, meaning it is salt tolerant. Leaf production occurs in late winter and late summer, and flowering in October and November (Butzler & Davis, 2006: 849). The numbers of flowers (r2 = 0.47, p = 0.024) and leaves per plant (r2 = 0.48, p = 0.022) were related to pore-water salinity and mean water depth. Peak berry abundances occur in late October and early November, coinciding with the arrival of the whooping cranes to the refuge. These berries are consumed by the migrating Whooping Crane (Butzler & Davis, 2006: 851).

References

Butzler, R.E., & Davis, S.E., 2006. Growth patterns of Carolina Wolfberry (Lycium Carolinianum L.) in the salt marshes of Aransas National Wildlife Refuge, Texas, USA. Wetlands 26(3): 845–853.

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Source: Jacksonville University BIOL204 Botany

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Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Physical Description

Type Information

Isoneotype for Lycium carolinianum Walter
Catalog Number: US 357490
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: ; Status verified from secondary sources
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): A. H. Curtiss
Year Collected: 1899
Locality: Salt marshes near mouth of St. Johns River, Florida., Florida, United States, North America
  • Isoneotype: Walter, T. Fl. Caroliniana. 84.; Ward, D. B. 2008. J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas. 2 (1): 480.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 6 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 1
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G4 - Apparently Secure

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