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Overview

Distribution

Distribution: Europe, N. Africa, Turkey, Syria, Caucasus, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Stem(-s) up to 50 cm tall, densely hairy; hairs unequal, the longer once up to 3 mm long, arising from a swollen base; hairs on leaves similar. Basal leaves elliptic-lanceolate to lanceolate, ovate-lanceolate. Flowers terminal or axillary, in scorpioid cymes, bracteate; bracts leafy, but smaller and narrower. Pedicels up fruit; dense strigosely hairy. Calyx 10-11 mm long, 5-partite into linear-lanceolate lobes, densely hairy. Corolla reddish purple, 12-15 mm long; tube straight; limb up to 8 mm broad; lobes obtuse; throat with 5 groups of papillose hairs. Anthers the same level as the hairs, 2.5-3 mm long, narrow ovate, attached c. 7 mm from tube base. Nutlets 3.5-4 mm long, erect, reticulate-rugose, tuberculate.
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Ecology

Associations

In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / parasite
Erysiphe lycopsidis parasitises Anchusa azurea

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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flower/Fruit

Fl. Per.: April-May.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Anchusa azurea

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Anchusa azurea

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Wikipedia

Anchusa azurea

Anchusa azurea is a species of flowering plant in the family Boraginaceae, known by the common name Italian bugloss (or just "bugloss"). It is a bristly perennial which reaches just over half a meter in height. It has straight lance-shaped leaves and petite tubular flowers of bright violet-blue. This species is native to Europe and western Asia and eastern Maghreb[1] but is well-known elsewhere as a noxious weed. In Crete it is called agoglossos (Greek: αγόγλωσσος) and the locals eat the tender stems boiled, steamed or fried.

Numerous cultivars have been selected for garden use, of which 'Loddon Royalist' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[2]

References[edit]

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Notes

Comments

The gathering A. Rashid 26999 from Kashmir is tentatively placed here. In size of leaves (44 x 8 cm) it comes close to Anchusa strigosa var. macrophylla (Bornm.) H. Riedl. Hybrids between Anchusa strigosa and Anchusa azurea are known (Chamberlain, l.c. 394, in nota). Following Chamberlain (l.c. 393), the above mentioned specimen with dimorphic hairs might be Anchusa azurea var. macrocarpa (Baiss. and Hohen.) Chamberlain, which is not known to occur in Pakistan. The provenance of this particular specimen is also not certain. R. R. Stewart (in ached.) remarks that it is probably cultivated or an escape.
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