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Solanum mammosum is commonly known as nipplefruit, titty fruit, cow's udder, or, ambiguously, "Apple of Sodom". It is an annual or tender perennial plant in the Solanaceae family, part of the Solanum or nightshade genus, and a relative of the tomato and potato. This poisonous fruit is native to South America, but has been naturalized in the Greater Antilles, Central America and Caribbean.
In Chinese culture it is known as five fingered eggplant(五指茄). In Japan it is known as Fox Face.
The plant is grown for ornamental purposes, in part because of the distal end of the fruit's resemblance to a human breast, while the proximal end looks like a cow's udder. It has been used in traditional medicine for the treatment athlete's foot by hunters in Trinidad and for irritability and restlessness. It is sometimes also used as a detergent. It is imported to Taiwan and Hong Kong as decorative foliage for use in religious and festival floral arrangements. They are commonly used in building Chinese New Year trees due to their auspicious golden coloured fruit.
- Solanum corniculatum E.André (non Huber: preoccupied)
- S. corniculatum of Hiern refers to an unidentifiable species of Lycianthes.
- Solanum cornigerum E.André
- Solanum globiferum Dunal
- Solanum mammosum var. corniculum Ridl.
- Solanum mamosissimum Ram.Goyena
- Solanum platanifolium Sims
- Solanum villosissimum Zuccagni
In addition, the name Solanum mammosum was also invalidly given to other nightshade species:
- S. mammosum as described by J.A. Pavón Jiménez based on Dunal in de Candolle refers to S. circinatum.
- S. mammosum as described by W. Herbert based on Dunal in de Candolle is the S. torvum of O.P. Swartz.
- Trade Winds Fruit: Nipple Fruit
- Lans et al. (2001)
- Solanaceae Source (2006)
- The identity of Huber's S. corniculatum is unclear, but his description precedes that of André: Solanaceae Source (2006)
|Wikispecies has information related to: Solanum mammosum|
- Botanical.com (1995): – Nightshade, Woody. Retrieved 2008-SEP-26.
- Lans, Cheryl; Harper, Tisha; Georges, Karla & Bridgewater, Elmo (2001): Medicinal and ethnoveterinary remedies of hunters in Trinidad. BMC Complement. Altern. Med. 1: 10. doi:10.1186/1472-6882-1-10 PMID 11737880 PDF fulltext
- Solanaceae Source (2006): Solanum mammosum. Version of 2006. Retrieved 2008-SEP-26.