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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

"Notes: Plains, Halophyte"
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Brief

Flowering class: Dicot Habit: Herb Distribution notes: Exotic
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Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

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"Tamil Nadu: Chennai, Cuddalore, Kancheepuram, Kanniyakumari, Nagapattinam, Puddukkottai, Ramanathapuram, Thanjavur, Tirunelveli, Thiruvallur, Thiruvarur, Thoothukkudi"
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"
Global Distribution

Pantropical

Indian distribution

State - Kerala, District/s: Ernakulam

"
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Distribution in Egypt

Nile region (Heliopolis, Helwan, Cairo, Burg El Burullus), Eastern desert (Wadi Degla).

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Global Distribution

Tropical America.

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Distribution: America, Europe, Africa, Pakistan, India and Australia.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

A glabrous perennial up to 45 cm tall. Stem and branches decumbent. Leaves 15-40 x 4-8 mm, glabrous, oblanceolate or-linear-lanceolate, obtuse, nerves faint. Inflorescence terminal, simple or bifurcate, 3-6 cm long, with usually uniseriate flowers. Calyx 1.5 mm long, persistent, 5-partite into ovate-lanceolate lobes. Corolla white, tube short, c. 1.7 mm long, glabrous; lobes c. 1 mm long, obtuse-undulate, ± patent. Anthers 0.7-0.8 mm long, sessile, broader at the base, attached 0.7 mm from corolla base. Stigma conical, c. 0.5 mm long, sessile, stigmatic ring prominent. Ovary and fruit glabrous. Nutlets 2 mm long, brown, back ± rugose.
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Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

"Herbs, prostrate and spreading, glabrous and succulent, the younger parts sometimes glaucous. Leaves alternate or somewhat fasciculate, oblanceolate, lanceolate, or spathulate, to 3.5 cm long and 0.6-0.7 cm wide, obtuse, the margins entire, the bases attenuate; petioles obscure. Inflorescences spike-like, scorpioid when immature, unilateral, mostly terminal, c. 2-4.5 cm long; bracts absent. Flowers small, sessile, crowded; calyx of 5 sepals, slightly connate basally, elongate-deltoid, c. 1.2-1.3 mm long; corolla salverform, white, the tube somewhat saccate, c. 1.2 mm long, the lobes c. 0.8 mm long; stamens 5, sessile, the anthers 0.6 mm long; ovary 4-lobed, the disc obscure, the style absent, the stigma conical, annular pubescent at the widened base. Fruit 4-lobed, 2.3 x 3.8 mm, the 4 nutlets frequently remaining together at maturity, the nutlets glabrous, wedge-shaped, c. 1.6-1.7 mm long."
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Diagnostic

Habit: Herb
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Ecology

Habitat

General Habitat

Sea coasts and mangrove forests
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Edges of salt marshes, saline oils.

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Depth range based on 6 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 1
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering and fruiting: January-April
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Flower/Fruit

Fl. Per.: March-April.
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Life Expectancy

Perennial.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Heliotropium curassavicum

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Heliotropium curassavicum

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 10
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N3 - Vulnerable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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Wikipedia

Heliotropium curassavicum

"Monkey Tail plant" redirects here. For the tree sometimes called the "Monkey Tail Tree", see Araucaria araucana.

Heliotropium curassavicum is a species of heliotrope that is native to much of the Americas, from Canada to Argentina, and can be found on other continents as an introduced species. It is known by several common names, such as Seaside Heliotrope, Salt Heliotrope, Monkey Tail, Quail Plant and "Chinese parsley" (although this last name is also used for coriander). in Latin American Spanish it is known as cola de mico,cola de gama or rabo alacrán, and it is called kīpūkai in Hawaii. It thrives in salty soils, such as beach sand and alkali flats. This is a perennial herb which can take the form of a prostrate creeper along the ground to a somewhat erect shrub approaching 0.5 m (1.6 ft) in height. The stem and foliage are fleshy, with the leaves thick and oval or spade-shaped. The plentiful inflorescences are curled, coiling double rows of small bell-shaped flowers. Each flower is white with five rounded lobes and a purple or yellow throat. The fruit is a smooth nutlet.

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Notes

Comments

The only glabrous species in Pakistan, characterised by its fistular stems and halophytic nature. Found from sea level to 300 m.
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Names and Taxonomy

Taxonomy

Comments: Considered indigenous from southern U.S. to South America, the West Indies, Pacific Islands [incl. Hawaii], and Australia (Wagner et al., Flora of Hawaii, 1990). Also, treated as native in Canada by Alberta and Manitoba CDC's.

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