Data about <i>Catalpa speciosa</i>

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Distribution

 
native range includes
Additional detail
Lower 48 United States of America
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
introduced range includes
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Canada
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Physical Description

 
flower color
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white
  • white
    An achromatic color of maximum brightness; the color of objects that reflect nearly all light of all visible wavelengths.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000323
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
leaf color
Additional detail
dark green
  • dark green
    Of the color between blue and yellow in the color spectrum; similar to the color of fresh grass
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/darkGreen
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
plant height median
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60 ft mature
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
plant height max
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20 ft base age
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
fruit or seed color
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brown
  • brown
    A color consisting of dark orange, red, of very low intensity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000952
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
wood density
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0.38 g/cm³
Global Wood Density Database  
 
plant growth habit
  • plant growth habit
    The general growth form of a plant - its size and branching - also its woodiness. Some plants have different growth habits depending on environment or location, so a plant can have more than one value.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PlantHabit
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tree
  • tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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tree
  • tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
See original source  
  • source missing
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tree
  • tree
    Perennial, woody plant with a single stem (trunk), normally greater than 4 to 5 meters (13 to 16 feet) in height; under certain environmental conditions, some tree species may develop a multi-stemmed or short growth form (less than 4 meters or 13 feet in height).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/tree
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
 
shape
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erect
  • erect
    A positional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being upright in position or posture.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000622
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
primary growth form
  • primary growth form
    The primary growth form on the landscape in relation to soil stabilization on slopes and streamsides. Each plant species is assigned the single growth form that most enhances its ability to stabilize soil.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrimaryGrowthForm
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single stem
  • single stem
    Plant development by the production of one stem. Examples: corn (Zea mays) and American beech (Fagus grandifolia).
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/singleStem
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
carbon-to-nitrogen ratio
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high (>59)
  • high (>59)
    The percentage of organic carbon divided by the percentage of total nitrogen in organic material is higher than 59.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/highCNRatio
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
foliage texture
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medium
  • medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Ecology

 
frost free days min
  • frost free days
    The average number of frost-free days within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FrostFreeDays
Additional detail
90 days
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
precipitation tolerance min
  • precipitation tolerance
    Minimum tolerable rainfall (in inches), expressed as the average annual minimum precipitation that occurs 20% of the time (i.e., the probability of it being this dry in any given year is 20%) at the driest climate station within the known geographical range of the plant. geographical range of the plant. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationTolerance
Additional detail
20 inch
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
precipitation tolerance max
  • precipitation tolerance
    Minimum tolerable rainfall (in inches), expressed as the average annual minimum precipitation that occurs 20% of the time (i.e., the probability of it being this dry in any given year is 20%) at the driest climate station within the known geographical range of the plant. geographical range of the plant. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationTolerance
Additional detail
80 inch
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
soil depth min
  • soil depth
    The minimum depth of soil required for good growth. Plants that do not have roots such as rootless aquatic plants (floating or submerged) and epiphytes are assigned a minimum root depth value of zero.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilDepth
Additional detail
20 inch
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
low temperature tolerance min
  • low temperature tolerance
    The minimum tolerable temperature is the lowest temperature recorded in the plant’s historical range. If this is not available, the record low January temperature recorded at climate stations within the current geographical range of the plant is used. This definition does not apply to summer annuals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureTolerance
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-38 degrees Fahrenheit
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
habitat
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archeological site
  • archeological site
    A place (or group of physical sites) in which evidence of past activity is preserved (either prehistoric or historic or contemporary), and which is, has been, or may be, investigated using the discipline of archaeology.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000564
Environments - EOL project  
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city
Environments - EOL project  
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drainage basin
  • drainage basin
    A regions or area bounded by drainage divides and occupied by a drainage system; specifically the tract of country that gathers water originating as precipitation and contributes it to a particular stream channel or system of channels, or to a lake, reservoir, or other body of water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000291
Environments - EOL project  
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flood plain
  • flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
Environments - EOL project  
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flood plain
  • flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
Environments - EOL project  
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forest
  • forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
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island
  • island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
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Large river biome
Environments - EOL project  
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river
  • river
    Natural freshwater surface streams of considerable volume and a permanent or seasonal flow, moving in a definite channel toward a sea, lake, or another river; any large streams, or ones larger than brooks or creeks, such as the trunk stream and larger branches of a drainage system.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000022
Environments - EOL project  
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soil
  • soil
    Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
Environments - EOL project  
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soil
  • soil
    Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
Environments - EOL project  
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swamp
  • swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
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tropical
Environments - EOL project  
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valley
  • valley
    A depression caused by erosion by water or ice. Low-lying land bordered by higher ground; especially elongate, relatively large gently sloping depressions of the Earth's surface, commonly situated between two mountains or between ranges of hills or mountains, and often containing a stream with an outlet.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000100
Environments - EOL project  
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watershed
  • watershed
    The separation between neighbouring drainage basins (catchments). In hilly country, the divide lies along topographical peaks and ridges, but in flat country or on a high plateau (especially where the ground is marshy) the divide may be invisible - just a more or less notional line on the ground on either side of which falling raindrops will start a journey to different rivers, and even to different sides of a country or continent.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000292
Environments - EOL project  
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wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
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wood
Environments - EOL project  
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woodland
See original source  
  • source missing
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woodland
Environments - EOL project  
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woodland
Environments - EOL project  
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woodland
Environments - EOL project  
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woodland
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
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non-marine
IRMNG - Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera.  
 
wetland indicator status (NWPL)
  • wetland indicator status (NWPL)
    Five indicator statuses, or ratings, are used in the United States National Wetland Plant List to designate a plant species’ preference for occurrence in a wetland or upland: Upland (UPL), Facultative Upland (FACU), Facultative (FAC), Facultative Wetland (FACW), and Obligate Wetland (OBL). The statuses represent the estimated probability of a species occurring in wetlands versus nonwetlands in a region.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/WetlandIndicatorStatus
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facultative
National Wetland Plant List  
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facultative
National Wetland Plant List  
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facultative upland
  • facultative upland
    Nonhydrophyte. Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facu
National Wetland Plant List  
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facultative upland
  • facultative upland
    Nonhydrophyte. Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facu
National Wetland Plant List  
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facultative upland
  • facultative upland
    Nonhydrophyte. Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facu
National Wetland Plant List  
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facultative upland
  • facultative upland
    Nonhydrophyte. Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facu
National Wetland Plant List  
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facultative upland
  • facultative upland
    Nonhydrophyte. Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facu
National Wetland Plant List  
 
interacts with
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
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fire resistance
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is not fire resistant
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
allelopathic effect
  • allelopathic effect
    This is an assay of any direct or indirect, harmful or beneficial effect of one plant on another through the production of chemical compounds (allelochemicals) that escape in the environment.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000624
Additional detail
no known allelopathy
  • no known allelopathy
    There is no evidence that the organism produces compounds (allelochemicals) that influence the growth, survival, and reproduction of other organisms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/allelopathyUnknown
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
soil requirements
Additional detail
adapted to coarse textured soils
  • adapted to coarse textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a coarse textured surface layer. Includes: Sand, Coarse sand, Fine sand, Loamy coarse sand, Loamy fine sand, Loamy very fine sand, Very fine sand, Loamy sand.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coarseSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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adapted to medium textured soils
  • adapted to medium textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a medium textured surface layer. Includes: Silt, Sandy clay loam, Very fine sandy loam, Silty clay loam, Silt loam, Loam, Fine sandy loam, Sandy loam, Coarse sandy loam.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
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not adapted to fine textured soils
  • not adapted to fine textured soils
    This plan cannot establish and grow in soil with a fine textured surface layer. Includes: Sandy clay, Silty clay, Clay.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fineSoilNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
anaerobic soil tolerance
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none
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
drought tolerance
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medium (normal)
  • medium (normal)
    Average. A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting no deviation from normal or average.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000461
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
calcareous soil tolerance
  • calcareous soil tolerance
    The relative tolerance of the plant to calcareous soil. Calcareous soil is defined as soil containing sufficient free CaCO3 and other carbonates to effervesce visibly or audibly when treated with cold 0.1M HCl. These soils usually contain from 10 to almost 1000g/kg CaCO3 equivalent.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CalcareousSoilTolerance
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low tolerance
  • low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
moisture use
Additional detail
low
  • low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
salt tolerance
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low tolerance
  • low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
shade tolerance
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low tolerance
  • low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Life History and Behavior

 
life cycle habit
Additional detail
perennial
  • perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
shedability
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deciduous
  • deciduous
    Deciduous (plant): A quality inhering in a plant by virtue of the bearer's disposition to shed foliage.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001731
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
bloom period
Additional detail
early summer
  • early summer
    The early part of the season between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/earlySummer
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
bloom period begin
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June
  • June
    The sixth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106185
See original source  
  • source missing
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June
  • June
    The sixth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106185
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
 
bloom period end
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July
  • July
    The seventh month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106186
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
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July
  • July
    The seventh month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106186
See original source  
  • source missing
 
active growth period
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spring
  • spring
    The season between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94731
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
growth rate
Additional detail
fast
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
life span
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high life span
  • high life span
    Increased life span: A life span which is relatively high.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001603
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
grass growth type
Additional detail
not a low growing grass
  • not a low growing grass
    The growing point (terminal meristem) of the vegetative grass tiller does not remain at or near the crown.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowGrowingGrassNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
resprout ability after clipping
Additional detail
will resprout
  • will resprout
    The plant will resprout following top (above ground biomass) removal.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ResproutYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
germination requirements
Additional detail
cold stratification not required
  • cold stratification not required
    Cold stratification does not significantly increase the seed germination percentage of this plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coldStratificationNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
fire tolerance
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none
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
fruit/seed abundance
Additional detail
medium
  • medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
seed period end
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autumn
  • autumn
    The season between the autumnal equinox and the winter solstice.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94733
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
seed period begin
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autumn
  • autumn
    The season between the autumnal equinox and the winter solstice.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94733
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
fruit/seed persistence
Additional detail
fruit/seed is persistent
  • fruit/seed is persistent
    The fruit or seed is persistent on the plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitPersistentYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
seeds per pound average
Additional detail
20,480
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
 
seed spread rate
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slow
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database