Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: N1 - Critically Imperiled

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G4 - Apparently Secure

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Threats

Comments: Loss of high quality forested habitat and conversion of natural forests to commercial forests are threats to this species of limited distribution which is imperiled in many states without secure populations (CT, MA, VT, MD and NE); (Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project 2002).

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Wikipedia

Agastache scrophulariifolia

Agastache scrophulariifolia, also known as the Purple giant hyssop, is a perennial plant that grows throughout the US and Northern Ontario, CN. It is a beneficial plant to pollinators and is noted for its medicinal properties, as many plants in the mint family are. It tends to grow in disturbed or open areas where it does not have to interact with non-native competitive plants.

Description[edit]

Individuals of this species are perennial herbs that can grow up to six feet tall. They are late-flowering species in the mint family. Agastache scrophulariifolia tends to have several spiked inflorescence. Flowers of Agastache scrophulariifolia do not all bloom simultaneously and range from lavender to pink in color. The dark brown fruit they produce is a nutlet.[1]

Distribution[edit]

Agastache scrophulariifolia was once distributed throughout CT, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, MI, MN, MO, NC, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, SC, SD, TN, VA, VT,WI, WV, and ON, Canada. However, its range is now severely reduced in many areas and in some cases extirpated completely. These declines are largely due to habitat loss, predation by deer, and competition for resources with non-native plants.[2]

Habitat and Ecology[edit]

Agastache scrophulariifolia tends to grow in riparian habitats, disturbed open areas, and meadows. The previously mentioned areas are ideal for Agastache scrophulariifolia because competition with other plants is reduced. As riparian habitats are altered or farmlands return to forest communities, Agastache scrophulariifolia suffers from habitat loss. It is a perennial plant that grows well in sandy loamy soils and requires sunlight for its seeds to germinate.[2]

Usage[edit]

Medicinal[edit]

Essential oils from Agastache scrophulariifolia were used by the Meskwaki tribe for their diuretic effects. Many people also use this plant for its aromatic effects.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Corrigan 2002, p. 2.
  2. ^ a b Corrigan 2002, p. i.
  • Corrigan, Elizabeth E. (2002). "Agastache scrophulariifolia (Willd.) Kuntze Purple Giant Hyssop Conservation and Research Plan". New England Wild Flower Society. 

Plants Profile for Agastache scrophulariifolia (Purple giant hyssop). Plants Profile for Agastache scrophulariifolia (Purple giant hyssop). Retrieved May 5, 2014, from http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=AGSC

PURPLE GIANT HYSSOP Agastache scrophulariifolia (Willd.) Kuntze. Retrieved May 5, 2014, from https://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_agsc.pdf

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