Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

"Notes: Deciduous Forests, Riparian, also Cultivated"
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Brief

Flowering class: Dicot Habit: Tree
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Summary

Along streams up to 900 m.
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Distribution

Range Description

Molave is the dominant timber species in monsoon forest in the Philippines.
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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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"
Global Distribution

Peninsular India and Sri Lanka

Indian distribution

State - Kerala, District/s: Kottayam, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad

"
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"Maharashtra: Pune, Raigad, Ratnagiri, Satara, Sindhudurg, Thane Karnataka: Chikmagalur, Hassan, Mysore, N. Kanara, Shimoga Kerala: Idukki,Kollam, Kottayam, Kozhikode, Malapuram, Pathanamthitta, Thrissur Tamil Nadu: Chennai, Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Theni, Tirunelveli, Nilgiri, Tiruchchirappalli, Tiruvannamalai, Viluppuram"
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Peninsular India and Sri Lanka; in the Western Ghats- throughout.
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Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

"Deciduous trees, to 20 m high, bark yellowish-grey or greyish-brown, rough; blaze dull-yellow. Leaves digitately compound, opposite, decussate; rachis 5.5-8.5 cm, slender, swollen at the base, glabrous; leaflets 3-5, whorled; petiolule 3-20 mm long, slender, glabrate; lamina 2.5-16 x 1.5-4 cm, elliptic, elliptic-oblong or lanceolate, base acute or attenuate, apex acute or obtusely acuminate, margin entire, glabrous above, puberulent beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 5-14 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, in axillary corymbose cymes, to 17 cm long; pedicels to 2 mm; calyx cupular, sparsely appressed puberulent; tube 2 mm long, 5-toothed; corolla white, bilipped, purplish-pubescent in the throat; lobes 5; stamens 4, didynamous, inserted below the throat of the corolla tube, slightly exserted; filaments thickened and villous towards the base; anthers purple; ovary superior, globose; style filiform; stigma bifid. Fruit a drupe, 1.2-2 cm long, obovoid, purple-black, fleshy."
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Diagnostic

"
Habit

Deciduous trees, up to 15 m tall.

Trunk\bark

Bark brwonish, smooth; blaze yellowish.

Branchlets

Young branchlets quadrangular, minutely pubescent, lenticellate.

Leaves

Leaves compound, digitate or rarely trifoliate, opposite, decussate; rachis pulvinate, planoconvex in cross section, minutely pubescent; petiolule 0.5-1.5 cm long, canaliculate, glabrous; leaflets 5 (rarely 3), lamina 7-11.5 x 2-3.5 cm, elliptic, apex acute to obtuse, base cuneate-attenuate, margin entire, chartaceous or thinly coriaceous, glaucous beneath, glabrous; midrib canaliculate above; secondary nerves 6-14 pairs; tertiary nerves reticulo-percurrent, not prominent.

Flowers

Inflorescence axillary corymbose cymes, minutely pubescent; flowers zygomorphic, sessile; corolla white with purplish pubescent; anther lobes purple.

Fruit& seed

Drupe, smooth, obovoid, purplish black; seeds 4.

"
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Diagnostic

Habit: Tree
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It occurs on well-drained limestone soils in monsoon forest.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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General Habitat

Along river banks in evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
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General Ecology

Ecology

Along streams up to 900 m.
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering and fruiting: March-July
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
VU
Vulnerable

Red List Criteria
A1cd

Version
2.3

Year Assessed
1998
  • Needs updating

Assessor/s
World Conservation Monitoring Centre

Reviewer/s

Contributor/s
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National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Threats

Major Threats
Exploitation of the highly prized timber has led to the reduction of molave forests.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
The species is now subject to felling controls.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Uses

Medicinal
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Wikipedia

Vitex parviflora

Vitex parviflora is a species of plant in the Verbenaceae family, known mostly as molave tree. It is found in Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines. It is threatened by habitat loss.

It yields one of two woods from the same genus called molave wood, the other being Vitex cofassus.

Source[edit]

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