Regularity: Regularly occurring
Global Range: The areal of this species is the subtropical part of Brazil and Parquay.
State - Kerala, District/s: Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Kasaragode, Kannur, Palakkad"
Catalog Number: US 1992883
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): H. St. John
Year Collected: 1934
Locality: Peva, Rurutu, French Polynesia, Austral Islands, Pacific Islands
Elevation (m): 2
- Isotype: Moldenke, H. N. 1961. Phytologia. 8: 90.
Life History and Behavior
Persistence: PERENNIAL, Long-lived
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Vitex trifolia
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Vitex trifolia
Public Records: 4
Specimens with Barcodes: 6
Species With Barcodes: 1
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable
Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems
Uses: FOOD, Fruit
Production Methods: Cultivated
Comments: The tree produces large quantities of olive like fruits, with an agreeable sweet taste.
Vitex trifolia is a large coastal shrub or small tree, less than 5 m in height with the stems covered by soft hairs (tomentose). The leaves are oppositely arranged along the stems and are usually compound, composed of 3 linear leaflets which range between 1 –12 cm in length. The upper surface of the leaves are green and the lower surface grayish green.
The flowers are born in panicles or clusters up to 18 cm in length. Individual flowers have purple to violet two-lipped corollas that are approximately 5 mm long. The stamen are in two pairs and the ovary is superior, or develops above the corolla. The fleshy fruits are about 6 mm in diameter and contain 4 small black seeds.
The leaves are used to treat female ailments in the Cook Islands, and used to relieve fever in Samoa. Additionally in Samoa, the dried leaves are burned to deter mosquitos.
- Cook Islands - rara
- Tonga - lalatahi
- Samoa - namulega
- Philippines - Lagundi, Halamang gamot.
- Malaysia - Lemuni (especially in northern region)
- "GRIN Species Records of Vitex". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-12-12.
- Vitex trifolia, Dr. K.M. Nadkarni's Indian Materia Medica, by A.K. Nadkarni, Popular Prakashan, Bombay, 1976, pp: 1281-2.
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