The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2011. Lamiales of North America Update
  • AFPD. 2008. African Flowering Plants Database - Base de Donnees des Plantes a Fleurs D'Afrique.
  • Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. (eds.) 1993. Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45: i–xl, 1–1286.
  • Correa A., M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf. 2004. Cat. Pl. Vasc. Panamá 1–599. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panama.
  • Description des Plantes Nouvelles . . . Jardin de J. M. Cels pl. 47. 1800. (Descr. Pl. Nouv.)
  • Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 10: 237. 1831. (Jan--Mar 1831) (Edinburgh New Philos. J.)
  • Hokche, O., P. E. Berry & O. Huber. (eds.) 2008. Nuevo Cat. Fl. Vasc. Venez. 1–860. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, Caracas.
  • Isotype: Moldenke, H. N. 1934. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 37: 223.
  • Isotype: Moldenke, H. N. 1939. Lilloa. 4: 311.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali (eds). 1980-2005. Fl. Pakistan Univ. of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Apr 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 37: 223. 1934. (31 Dec 1934) (Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg.)
  • Species Plantarum 2: 625. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.)
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1995. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Project.
  • Symbolae Antillanae seu Fundamenta Florae Indiae Occidentalis 6(1): 63. 1909. (Symb. Antill.)
  • Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide Vasc. Pl. Florida i–x, 1–806. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.

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