Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

Notes: Cultivated.
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Description

Shrub or tree to 15 m. Leaves opposite; petiole characteristically reddish-brown; lamina elliptic, glossy above; apex acute; base cuneate. Flowers white.
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Derivation of specific name

spinosum: spiny
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Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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"Maharashtra: Nasik, Pune Karnataka: Mysore Kerala: All districts"
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Distribution: Indigenous to West Indies, sometimes cultivated in our gardens for its scented flowers.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

A deciduous large shrub or small tree. Leaves ovate, oblong-elliptic to lanceolate, 7-16 cm long, 3.5-8 cm broad, glabrous, entire or dentate, subacute; petiole 2-2.5 cm long. Spicate racemes 10-20 cm long, pendulous. Flowers white, 5-6 mm across, subsessile, sweet scented. Calyx-tube c. 3 mm long, minutely 5-toothed, glabrous. Corolla-tube c. 5 mm long, hairy at the throat; lobes obovate, subequal, spreading.
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Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

Habit: Tree
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Type Information

Isotype for Citharexylum fruticosum var. brittonii Moldenke
Catalog Number: US 1194559
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): N. L. Britton
Year Collected: 1921
Locality: Near mouth of Godineau River., Trinidad, Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies
  • Isotype: Moldenke, H. N. 1939. Lilloa. 4: 311.
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Isotype for Citharexylum fruticosum var. smallii Moldenke
Catalog Number: US 758011
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): J. K. Small & J. J. Carter
Year Collected: 1910
Locality: Long Bay Cays section, near Deep Creek., Andros Island, Bahamas, West Indies
  • Isotype: Moldenke, H. N. 1934. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 37: 223.
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Isotype for Citharexylum fruticosum var. subvillosum Moldenke
Catalog Number: US 847748
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): N. L. Britton
Year Collected: 1909
Locality: Greater Antilles, Cuba, West Indies
  • Isotype: Moldenke, H. N. 1934. Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 37: 223.
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Ecology

Population Biology

Frequency

Rare
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flower/Fruit

Fl.Per.: Aug.-Nov.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Citharexylum spinosum

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: TNR - Not Yet Ranked

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National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: TNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Wikipedia

Citharexylum spinosum

Citharexylum spinosum is a species of flowering plant in the verbena family, Verbenaceae, that is native to southern Florida in the United States, the Caribbean, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela. Common names include Florida Fiddlewood and Spiny Fiddlewood.[1] It is a tree that reaches a height of up to 15 m (49 ft). The ovate to elliptic leaves are 4–20 cm (1.6–7.9 in) long and have orange petioles. Small white flowers are produced throughout the year on hanging axillary and terminal racemes and panicles 20–40 cm (7.9–16 in) in length. The fruits are red to black subglobose drupes 7–10 mm (0.28–0.39 in) in diameter.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Citharexylum spinosum L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1996-02-08. Retrieved 2010-12-13. 
  2. ^ Whistler, W. Arthur (2000). Tropical Ornamentals: a Guide. Timber Press. pp. 129–130. ISBN 978-0-88192-475-6. 
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