IUCN threat status:

Not evaluated

Comprehensive Description

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Salvia aethiopis L. 1753

Materials

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: 27 ; recordedBy: D.Milko ; Taxon: family: Lamiaceae; genus: Salvia; specificEpithet: aethiopis; taxonRank: species; scientificNameAuthorship: L.; Location: continent: Asia; country: Kyrgyzstan ; stateProvince: Ysyk-Köl Region; locality: 1.5 km N of Kuermoentue Vilage ; decimalLatitude: 42.8161 ; decimalLongitude: 78.2407 ; Identification: identifiedBy: G.A.Lazkov; dateIdentified: 01/01/2011; Event: eventDate: 01/01/2011 ; year: 2011; eventRemarks: alien plant; Record Level: basisOfRecord: observation

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: 28 ; recordedBy: G.Lazkov & U.Neveraev ; Taxon: family: Lamiaceae; genus: Salvia; specificEpithet: aethiopis; taxonRank: species; scientificNameAuthorship: L.; Location: continent: Asia; country: Kyrgyzstan ; stateProvince: Batken Region; locality: Orozbekovo Village ; decimalLatitude: 40.062 ; decimalLongitude: 71.666 ; Identification: identifiedBy: G.A.Lazkov; dateIdentified: 06/10/2012; Event: eventDate: 06/10/2012 ; year: 2012; month: 6; day: 10; eventRemarks: alien plant; Record Level: collectionID: 88420; institutionCode: FRU ; basisOfRecord: specimen

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: 29 ; recordedBy: G.Lazkov ; Taxon: family: Lamiaceae; genus: Salvia; specificEpithet: aethiopis; taxonRank: species; scientificNameAuthorship: L.; Location: continent: Asia; country: Kyrgyzstan ; stateProvince: Chüy Region; locality: Kemin Village ; decimalLatitude: 42.78 ; decimalLongitude: 75.71 ; Identification: identifiedBy: G.A.Lazkov; dateIdentified: 07/20/2012; Event: eventDate: 07/20/2012 ; year: 2012; month: 7; day: 20; eventRemarks: alien plant; Record Level: collectionID: 88420; institutionCode: FRU ; basisOfRecord: specimen

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: 30 ; recordedBy: A. Sennikov & G. Lazkov ; Taxon: family: Lamiaceae; genus: Salvia; specificEpithet: aethiopis; taxonRank: species; scientificNameAuthorship: L.; Location: continent: Asia; country: Kyrgyzstan ; stateProvince: Talas Region; locality: Karacha-Too Mts. (E part of Kara-Tau) ; verbatimElevation: 865; decimalLatitude: 42.675043 ; decimalLongitude: 71.192088 ; Identification: identifiedBy: G.A.Lazkov; dateIdentified: 08/07/2013; Event: eventDate: 08/07/2013 ; year: 2013; month: 8; day: 7; habitat: lowermost part of slopes near the railway; fieldNumber: 180; eventRemarks: alien plant; Record Level: collectionID: 88420; institutionCode: FRU ; basisOfRecord: specimen

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: 31 ; recordedBy: A. Sennikov & G. Lazkov ; Taxon: family: Lamiaceae; genus: Salvia; specificEpithet: aethiopis; taxonRank: species; scientificNameAuthorship: L.; Location: continent: Asia; country: Kyrgyzstan ; stateProvince: Talas Region; locality: Talas Range (N side), Kolbars ; verbatimElevation: 1580; decimalLatitude: 42.445237 ; decimalLongitude: 71.049844 ; Identification: identifiedBy: G.A.Lazkov; dateIdentified: 08/08/2013; Event: eventDate: 08/08/2013 ; year: 2013; month: 8; day: 8; habitat: open semidesert slopes; fieldNumber: 196; eventRemarks: alien plant; Record Level: collectionID: 88420; institutionCode: FRU ; basisOfRecord: specimen

Native distribution and occurrence in Central Asia

In Central Asia the distribution area of Salvia aethiopis has three isolated fragments ( Makhmedov 1984 , Makhmedov 1987 ), of which the mountainous occurrence in Turkmenistan ( Borisova 1954 ) and southern Uzbekistan ( Vvedensky 1961 ) may be considered native. Two isolated localities nearby Mikhailovka and Lugovoe Villages in Kazakhstan ( Makhmedov 1984 , Makhmedov 1987 ), which are very close to the border with Kyrgyszstan, are situated on the lowlands north of Kyrgyz Range (not in the foothills of Kyrgyz Range as stated in Makhmedov 1984 ) and obviously constitute an alien occurrence.

Occurrence in Kyrgyzstan

This conspicuous species had not been recorded from Kyrgyzstan until Lazkov et al. 2012 reported its presence on the southern side of Küngöy Ala-Too, the northern side of Alay Range and in the Chüy Depression, where it was discovered in 2011-2012. Our records extend the known occurrence of this species to the Talas Depression (Karacha-Too Mountains) and the neighbouring side of Talas Range ( Kök-Say River valley), very close to the border with Kazakhstan (Fig. 9).

Its arrival from Kazakhstan may have been by the means of wind transportation because the dried plants are easy to get detached from the ground, forming a tumbleweed. The means of long-distance dispersal to the other territories are uncertain.

Invasion status in Kyrgyzstan

Several plants were observed in every locality, meaning that the species is most likely established in the country. Its further spread, especially in lowlands, is expected. The observed populations are usually sparse and pose no obvious threat to the native vegetation.

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Plazi

Source: Plazi.org

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