The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2011. Lamiales of North America Update
  • AFPD. 2008. African Flowering Plants Database - Base de Donnees des Plantes a Fleurs D'Afrique.
  • Aeschimann, D. & C. Heitz. 2005. Synonymie-Index der Schweizer Flora und der angrenzenden Gebiete (SISF). 2te Auflage. Documenta Floristicae Helvetiae N° 2. Genève. External link.
  • Burns KC; Beaumont S. 2009. Scale-dependent trait correlations in a temperate tree community. Austral Ecology. 34: 670-677.
  • Cuneo, P., C.A. Offord, and M.R. Leishman. 2010. Seed ecology of the invasive woody plant African Olive (Olea europaea subsp cuspidata): implications for management and restoration. Australian Journal of Botany 58(5): 342-348.
  • Daane, K.M. and M.W. Johnson. 2010. Olive fruit fly: managing an ancient pest in modern times. Annual Review of Entomology 55: 151-169.
  • Drummond, R.B. (1981) Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 188 - 189as Olea europaea subsp. africana (Includes a picture).
  • Esteve, C., C. Montealegre, M.L. Marina, and M.C. Garcia. 2012. Analysis of Olive allergens. Talanta 92: 1-14.
  • F.N., Hepper., & I. Friis.   (1994).  The Plants of Pehr Forsskal's "Flora Ageyptiaco-Arabica". Kew: Kew Publishing..  
  • L., Boulos.   (Submitted).  Flora of Egypt. Cairo: Al Hadara Publishing..  
  • Linares, J. L. 2003 [2005]. Listado comentado de los árboles nativos y cultivados en la república de El Salvador. Ceiba 44(2): 105–268.
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Nardi, F., A. Carapelli, J.L. Boore, G.K. Roderick, R. Dallai, and F. Frati. 2010. Domestication of olive fly through a multi-regional host shift to cultivated olives: Comparative dating using complete mitochondrial genomes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57(2): 678-686.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali (eds). 1980-2005. Fl. Pakistan Univ. of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Apr 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Rodriguez, R., M. Villalba, R.I Monsalve, and E. Batanero. 2001. International Archives of Allergy and Immunology 125 (3): 185-195.
  • Sack L; Melcher PJ; Liu WH; Middleton E; Pardee T. 2006. How strong is intracanopy leaf plasticity in temperate deciduous trees?. American Journal of Botany. 93(6): 829-839.
  • Species Plantarum 1: 8. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.)
  • Spennemann, D.H.R. and L.R. Allen. 2000. Feral olives (Olea europaea) as future woody weeds in Australia: a review. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 40 (6): 889-901.
  • V., Täckholm.   (1974).  Students’ Flora of Egypt, 2nd Ed. Cairo: Cairo University Press..  
  • V., Täckholm., & M. Drar.   (Submitted).  Flora of Egypt. Bulletin of the Faculty of Science. Cairo: Cairo University Press..  
  • Vaughan, J.G. and C.A. Geissler. 1997. The New Oxford Book of Food Plants (revised and updated edition). Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Vogle S. 2009. Leaves in the lowest and highest winds: temperature, force and shape. New Phytologist. 183: 13-26.
  • de Casas RFR; Vargas P; Perez-Corona; Manrique E; Garcia-Verduga C; Balaguer L. 2011. Sun and shade leaves of Olea europaea respond differently to plant size, light availability and genetic variation. Functional Ecology , Accessed March 25, 2011.
  • de Casas RR. 2011. It's good to have a shady side: sun and shade leaves play different roles in tree canopies.


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