IUCN threat status:

Not evaluated


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More info for the term: nonnative species

European privet is native to Europe [11,19,25,37,49,54,69,71]. Chinese privet is native to Southeast Asia [9,11,25,67,75] and was introduced to the United States in the early 1950s [31]. Japanese privet is native to eastern Asia [9,11,67,75]. The following general descriptions of North American distribution for privet are based on florae, herbaria samples, and other published literature.

Amur privet occurs from New York south to South Carolina and west to West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Arkansas, and Texas. It has also been reported in Maine [27,61,62]. Plants database provides a map of Amur privet's distribution in the United States.

Japanese privet occurs mainly in the southeastern United States. It is reported from Florida west to north-central Texas and north to Maryland, Virginia, and Tennessee. It is also reported from Puerto Rico and Washington [4,11,20,27,31,61,62,75]. Plants database provides a map of Japanese privet's distribution in the United States.

Chinese privet occurs from Virginia south to Florida and west to Kentucky, Missouri, Oklahoma, and Texas. It occurs in the Atlantic coastal states as far north as Massachusetts. It also has been reported from Puerto Rico and Oregon [1,9,10,11,14,20,27,31,40,43,44,46,48,59,61,62,66,68,74,75]. Plants database provides a map of Chinese privet's distribution in the United States.

European privet occurs in every U.S. state east of the Mississippi River except Florida and Mississippi. To the west, it is reported from north-central Texas east into Arkansas and Louisiana. European privet distribution is apparently scattered throughout the western United States, with reported occurrences in Nebraska, Utah, Montana, and Oregon. In Canada it is reported in Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, and British Columbia [1,3,11,18,27,47,57,61,62,69,71]. Plants database provides a map of European privet's distribution in the United States.

The following biogeographic classification systems demonstrate where Japanese privet (labeled with the abbreviation J), Chinese privet (C), and European privet (E) could potentially be found based on the above information. Amur privet (A) has not been included in these lists (other than the States list) because information about North American distribution and occurrence is lacking for this species. In general, predicting distribution of nonnative species in North America is difficult due to gaps in understanding of their biological and ecological characteristics, and because they may still be expanding their range. These lists are speculative and may not be accurately restrictive or complete.


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