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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

"Notes: Western Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests, also Planted"
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© India Biodiversity Portal

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Derivation of specific name

multiflorum: many-flowered
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Distribution: Native to Asia, introduced as an ornamental, which is found naturalized in Puerto Rico, Vieques, St. John, and throughout the tropics.

Public Forests: Maricao, Río Abajo, and Toro Negro.

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"Maharashtra: Nasik, Pune, Raigad, Satara, Thane Karnataka: Chikmagalur, Coorg, N. Kanara Kerala: All districts Tamil Nadu: Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Theni, Tirunelveli"
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Distribution: Pakistan, India, from Himalaya to Ceylon and Tenasserim, Burma, China. Apparently wild in the lower hills up to 1200 m. from the Ravi eastwards; Nakial in Mirpur (RRS), Udhampur, Billawar and Jumu (Lambert).
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

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Subtropical Himalaya, India, Ceylon, Burma, China.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Shrub scandent. Branchlets, pedicels and calyx densely fulvous-villous. Leaves opposite, simple, ovate, acuminate, upper surface pubescent, becoming glabrous, ventral tomentose or pubescent, especially on the nerves; petiole stout, tomentose. Flowers sessile or subsessile, in dense capitate cymes, at the tips of dwarf lateral branchletes or axillary, fragrant. Calyx teeth 6-9, linear, c. 1 cm long. Corolla white, tube slender, exceeding the calyx, lobes 6-9, oblong-lanceolate, acute, 1-2 cm long. Berry simple or didymous, ellipsoid, c. 1 cm long, black when ripe, surrounded by the long hairy calyx teeth.
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Elevation Range

300-1100 m
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Description

Shrubs, scrambler or weak climbers to 3 m. Branchlets terete, densely pilose. Leaves opposite, simple; petiole 5-10 mm, densely pilose; leaf blade ovate-cordate, often broadly so, 3-8 × 1.5-5 cm, papery, ± scattered pilose on both surfaces, glabrescent, except on midrib and veins, base cordate, apex acute to sometimes slightly acuminate, mucronulate; primary veins 3 or 4 on each side of midrib. Inflorescences terminal on side shoots, many flowered, congested; bracts leafy, basal ovate, 1.5-2 cm, upper linear, 3-5 mm. Pedicel 0-2 mm. Calyx densely pilose; tube ca. 1 mm; lobes 6-9, filiform, (2-)5-7 mm. Corolla white, sweetly scented; tube 1.2-1.5 cm; lobes 7-9, acute, 1-1.5 cm. Fruit not seen. Fl. Oct-Apr.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

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Diagnostic Description

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Diagnostic

Habit: Climbing Shrub
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Synonym

Nyctanthes multiflora N. L. Burman, Fl. Indica 5. 1768; Jasminum pubescens (Retzius) Willdenow.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat & Distribution

Widely cultivated in southern China and round the world [Native to India and perhaps elsewhere in SE Asia, but certainly not in Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, and doubtfully in Myanmar and Vietnam]
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flower/Fruit

Fl. Per.: December-April and also during the rains.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Jasminum multiflorum

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Wikipedia

Jasminum multiflorum

Jasminum multiflorum is a species of jasmine, in the family Oleaceae. It is known as Winter Jasmine, Indian Jasmine, Downy Jasmine, and Star Jasmine. It flowers in Indian winter. It is also called Magha Mallika (Sanskrit) since it flowers in Magha winter month in the Indian Hindu Calendar.[citation needed] It flowers so much that sometimes the flowers cover most of the leaves leaving everything white.[citation needed]

Jasminum multiflorum is native to India, Nepal, Bhutan, Laos, Burma, Thailand and Vietnam. It is widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions for its attractive and intensely fragrant flowers. The species is reportedly naturalised in Florida, Chiapas, Central America, Queensland and much of the West Indies.[1][2] [3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Taxon: Jasminum multiflorum (Burm. f.) Andrews". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area. Retrieved 5 February 2012. 
  2. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Jasminum multiflorum
  3. ^ "Jasminum multiflorum". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 5 February 2012. 
  4. ^ Biota of North America Program, Jasminum multiflorum
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Notes

Comments

Frequently cultivated.
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