Derivation of specific name
Regularity: Regularly occurring
Distribution: Along roads, in pastures, or in disturbed areas. Species native to Africa but described from material collected in Brazil. Naturalized on Vieques, St. Croix, St. John, and St. Thomas. Cultivated as an ornamental and naturalized throughout the tropics.
Public Forests: Cambalache, Ceiba, and Guánica.
Jasminum azoricum is, despite its name, endemic to
Distribution in Egypt
Height: 1-3 m.
Jasminum fluminense Vell., Fl. Flumin. 10. 1825 .
Synonym: Jasminum azoricum sensu Urb., Britton, non L.
Woody vine, twining, attainig 4-6 m in length. Stems cylindrical, pubescent, attaining 1 cm in diameter, glabrescent when mature. Lateral branches numerous. Leaves opposite, trifoliolate, 5-10 cm long; leaflets 2-5 × 2-3.5 cm (terminal leaflet larger than the lateral ones), broadly ovate, involute, the apex acute or acuminate, the base subtruncate, the margins entire; upper surface puberulent; lower surface with the midvein prominent, barbate in the axils of the secondary veins; petioles and petiolules pubescent, the petioles 0.5-2 cm long. Inflorescences of axillary cymes with numerous fragrant flowers; peduncles 3-4 cm long; pedicels 3-4 mm long, densely pubescent. Calyx green, ca. 3 mm long, campanulate, with 4-9 small acuminate lobes; corolla white, hypocrateriform, 1.5-2.5 cm long, with 4-9 lobes; stamens 2; ovary 4-lobate, the stigma bilobate. Fruit a purple or almost black berry, shiny, globose, 5-8 mm in diameter.
Phenology: Flowering from December to September and fruiting from January to August.
Status: Exotic, naturalized, rather common.
Selected Specimens Examined: Acevedo-Rdgz., P. 2892; 3839; 6978; 7084; 7872; 11245; 11479.
Habitat and Ecology
Life History and Behavior
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Jasminum fluminense
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Jasminum fluminense
Public Records: 4
Specimens with Barcodes: 10
Species With Barcodes: 1
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Jasminum azoricum
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
The following conservation measures are recommended for this rare species (Fernandes et al. in: MartÃn et al. 2008):
- Raising public awareness
- Management and restoration of its habitat
- Establishment of protected areas
- Reinforcement of the subpopulations and reintroductions
- Control of invasive species and other threats
Jasminum azoricum, commonly known as lemon-scented jasmine, is an evergreen twining vine native to the Portuguese island Madeira. The compound leaves consist of 3 bright green leaflets. The fragrant white star-shaped flowers appear in panicles from the leaf axils in summer, evolving from deep pink buds.
Jasminum azoricum has long been in cultivation in Europe as a greenhouse plant with records in Netherlands since 1693 and England from about 1724. It has been prized for its bright evergreen foliage, long flowering period and scented blooms. Plants are readily propagated from cuttings and by layering. The species prefers a sunny, frost-free position with support from structures such as fences or posts.
- Fernandes, F. (2012). "Jasminum azoricum". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
- R. G. Turner, Jr.; Ernie Wasson, ed. (1999). Botanica: The Illustrated A-Z of Over 10,000 garden plants (3 ed.). Barnes and Noble inc. p. 488. ISBN 0760716420.
- "Taxon: Jasminum azoricum L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
- "'Jasminum azoricum L.". The Plant List; Version 1. (published on the internet). 2010. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
- Sydenham Teast Edwards; John Lindley (1815). The Botanical Register: Consisting of Coloured Figures of Exotic Plants Cultivated in British Gardens with Their History and Mode of Treatment. pp. 92–. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
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