Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

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Physical Description

Type Information

Holotype for Mimulus brachystylis Edwin
Catalog Number: US 2422836
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Card file verified by examination of alleged type specimen
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): K. H. Beach & L. Mills
Year Collected: 1940
Locality: Ione., Nye, Nevada, United States, North America
  • Holotype: Edwin, G. 1954. Leafl. W. Bot. 7: 137.
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Isotype for Mimulus guttatus var. decorus A.L. Grant
Catalog Number: US 622409
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): M. W. Lyon
Year Collected: 1905
Locality: Oregon City., Oregon, United States, North America
  • Isotype: Grant, A. L. 1924. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 11: 173.
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Isotype for Mimulus guttatus var. decorus A.L. Grant
Catalog Number: US 1101657
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): M. W. Lyon
Year Collected: 1905
Locality: Oregon City., Oregon, United States, North America
  • Isotype: Grant, A. L. 1924. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 11: 173.
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Holotype for Mimulus cordatus Greene
Catalog Number: US 495156
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Card file verified by examination of alleged type specimen
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): O. B. Metcalfe
Year Collected: 1903
Locality: Bear Mountain, near Silver City., Grant, New Mexico, United States, North America
Elevation (m): 1524 to 1524
  • Holotype: Greene, E. L. 1909. Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 5.
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Isotype for Mimulus puberulus Gand.
Catalog Number: US 529665
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Card file verified by examination of alleged type specimen
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): W. N. Suksdorf
Year Collected: 1905
Locality: Bingen, riverbank., Klickitat, Washington, United States, North America
  • Isotype: Gandoger, M. 1919. Bull. Soc. Bot. France. 66: 219.
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Isotype for Mimulus guttatus subsp. arenicola Pennell
Catalog Number: US 2004764
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): F. W. Pennell
Year Collected: 1940
Locality: Pacific Grove., Monterey, California, United States, North America
Elevation (m): 3
  • Isotype: Pennell, F. W. 1947. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia. 99: 166.
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Isotype for Mimulus guttatus subsp. arenicola Pennell
Catalog Number: US 2232483
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): F. W. Pennell
Year Collected: 1940
Locality: Pacific Grove., Monterey, California, United States, North America
Elevation (m): 3
  • Isotype: Pennell, F. W. 1947. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia. 99: 166.
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Isotype for Mimulus laxus Pennell
Catalog Number: US 1859935
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Card file verified by examination of alleged type specimen
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): F. W. Pennell
Year Collected: 1931
Locality: Elk Lake., Deschutes, Oregon, United States, North America
  • Isotype: Pennell, F. W. 1941. Man. Higher Pl. Oregon. 655.
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Isosyntype for Mimulus puberulus Greene in Rydb.
Catalog Number: US 369112
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): C. F. Baker
Year Collected: 1899
Locality: Pagosa Springs., Archuleta, Colorado, United States, North America
  • Isosyntype: Greene, E. L. 1906. Fl. Colorado. 311.
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Isotype for Mimulus procerus Greene
Catalog Number: US 341461
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Card file verified by examination of alleged type specimen
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): R. Plaskett
Year Collected: 1908
Locality: Santa Lucia Mountains., Monterey, California, United States, North America
  • Isotype: Greene, E. L. 1909. Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 6.
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Holotype for Mimulus clementinus Greene
Catalog Number: US 469640
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Card file verified by examination of alleged type specimen
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): B. Trask
Year Collected: 1903
Locality: Los Angeles, San Clemente Island, California, United States, North America
  • Holotype: Greene, E. L. 1909. Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2: 5.
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Holotype for Mimulus equinus Greene
Catalog Number: US 417302
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Card file verified by examination of alleged type specimen
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): A. A. Heller
Year Collected: 1902
Locality: Summit of Mt. San Hedrin., Lake, California, United States, North America
  • Holotype: Greene, E. L. 1905. Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 189.
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Holotype for Mimulus prionophyllus Greene
Catalog Number: US 47278
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Card file verified by examination of alleged type specimen
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): E. Palmer
Year Collected: 1890
Locality: Willow Spring., Arizona, United States, North America
  • Holotype: Greene, E. L. 1905. Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 190.
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Holotype for Mimulus petiolaris Greene
Catalog Number: US 47223
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Card file verified by examination of alleged type specimen
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): F. V. Coville & F. Funston
Year Collected: 1891
Locality: Sheperd Canon, Argus Mountains., California, United States, North America
Elevation (m): 800 to 2000
  • Holotype: Greene, E. L. 1909. Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 2.7.
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Ecology

Associations

In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / parasite
Erysiphe brunneopunctata parasitises Mimulus guttatus s.s.

Foodplant / parasite
sporangium of Peronospora jacksonii parasitises live Mimulus guttatus s.s.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Mimulus guttatus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Mimulus guttatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 4
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

Reasons: Widespread throughout western United States and Canada, Mimulus guttatus is known from wet marshy places, often emergent, along streams and shores.

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Management

These species are introduced in Switzerland.
  • Aeschimann, D. & C. Heitz. 2005. Synonymie-Index der Schweizer Flora und der angrenzenden Gebiete (SISF). 2te Auflage. Documenta Floristicae Helvetiae N° 2. Genève.   http://www.crsf.ch/ External link.
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Wikipedia

Mimulus guttatus

Mimulus guttatus, the Common monkey-flower, is a yellow bee-pollinated annual or perennial herbaceous wildflower that grows along the banks of streams and seeps in western North America.[1]

Description[edit]

The lower lip may have one large to many small red to reddish brown spots. The opening to the flower is hairy.

A highly variable plant, taking many forms, it is a species complex in that there is room to treat some of its forms as different species by some definitions. Mimulus guttatus is 10 to 80 cm tall with disproportionately large, 20 to 40 mm long, tubular flowers. The perennial form spreads with stolons or rhizomes. The stem may be erect or recumbent. In the latter form, roots may develop at leaf nodes. Sometimes dwarfed, it may be hairless or have some hairs. Leaves are opposite, round to oval, usually coarsely and irregularly toothed or lobed. The bright yellow flowers are born on a raceme, most often with five or more flowers. The calyx has five lobes that are much shorter than the flower. Each flower has bilateral symmetry and has two lips. The upper lip usually has two lobs; the lower, three. The lower lip may have one large to many small red to reddish brown spots. The opening to the flower is hairy.[2][3][4][5][6]

Distribution[edit]

Both annual and perennial forms occur throughout the species' range. It is found in a wide range of habitats including the splash zone of the Pacific Ocean, the geysers of Yellowstone National Park, alpine meadows, serpentine barrens, and even on the toxic tailings of copper mines. It is sometimes aquatic, its herbage floating in small bodies of water.

Mimulus guttatus has been a model organism for studies of evolution and ecology. There may be as many as 1000 scientific papers focused on this species. The genome is (as of 2012) being studied in depth.[1]

Cultivation[edit]

Mimulus guttatus is cultivated in the specialty horticulture trade and available as an ornamental plant for: traditional gardens; natural landscape, native plant, and habitat gardens.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mimulus guttatus DC.". PLANTS Profile. United States Department of Agriculture; Natural Resources Conservation Service. Retrieved 2010-11-21. 
  2. ^ Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California (1993). "UC/JEPS: Jepson Manual treatment for MIMULUS guttatus" (HTML). Treatment from the Jepson Manual. Regents of the University of California and University and Jepson Herbaria (UC/JEPS). Retrieved 2010-11-21. 
  3. ^ "Mimulus guttatus DC.". GRIN Taxonomy for Plants. Germplasm Resources Information Network. Retrieved 2010-11-21. 
  4. ^ "Mimulus guttatus". WTU Herbarium Image Collection. Burke Museum, University of Washington. Retrieved 2010-11-21. 
  5. ^ Pojar, Jim; Andy MacKinnon (2004). Plants Of The Pacific Northwest Coast: Washington, Oregon, British Columbia & Alaska. Lone Pine Publishing. p. 264. ISBN 978-1-55105-530-5. 
  6. ^ Turner, Mark; Phyllis Gustafson (2006). Wildflowers of the Pacific Northwest. Timber Press. p. 244. ISBN 978-0-88192-745-0. 
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