The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2011. Lamiales of North America Update
  • AFPD. 2008. African Flowering Plants Database - Base de Donnees des Plantes a Fleurs D'Afrique.
  • Baskin, J.M. and C.C. Baskin. Seasonal changes in germination responses of buried seeds of Verbascum thapsus and V. blattaria and ecological implications. Can. J. Bot. 59: 1769-1775; 1981.
  • Cekalovic K. 1985. Catálogo de Opiliones de Chile (Arachnida). Boletín de la Sociedad de Biología de Concepción (Chile) 56: 7-29. Cakalovic K. 1976. Catálogo de los Arachnida: Scorpiones, Pseudoscorpiones, Opiliones, Acari, Aranea y Solifugae de la XII Región de Chile, incluyendo la Antártica chilena (Chile). Gayana Zool. (Chile) 37: 1-108.
  • Haragan, Patricia D. Weeds of Kentucky and Adjacent States. Lexington, KY: The Univ. Press of Kentucky; 1991: 136-7.
  • Hill, L. M. (1989). IOPB chromosome data 1. International Organization of Plant. Biosystematists Newsletter. 13,
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2015. Insect Visitors of Illinois Wildflowers.  World Wide Web electronic publication., version (09/2015) 
    See:   Abbreviations for Insect ActivitiesAbbreviations for Scientific ObserversReferences for behavioral observations
  • Image metadata at Bioimages ( External link.
  • Lövkvist, B., & Hultgård U. M. (1999). Chromosome numbers in south Swedish vascular plants. Opera Botanica. 137,
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Martin, Alexander C. 1987. A Golden Guide: Weeds. Golden Press, New York, p. 106.
  • Maw, M.G. Cucullia verbasci an Agent for the Biological Control of Common Mullein (Verbascum thapsus). Weed Sci. 28(1): 27-30; 1980.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles, and C. R. Bell. Manual of Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. Chapel Hill, NC: Univ. of North Carolina Press; 1968.
  • Semenza, R. J., J. A. Young, and R. A. Evans. Influence of Light and Temperature on the Germination and Seedbed Ecology of Common Mullein (Verbascum thapsus). Weed Sci. 26(6): 577-81; 1978.
  • Species Plantarum 1: 177. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.)
  • Swearingen, J. 2009. WeedUS Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States: Common Mullein (Verbascum thapsus).
  • USDA, NRCS. 2009. The PLANTS Database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
  • Verbascum thapsus
  • Wentworth, J. E., Bailey J. P., & Gornall R. J. (1991). Contributions to a cytological catalogue of the British and Irish flora. Watsonia. 18,
  • Zuloaga, F. O., O. N. Morrone, M. J. Belgrano, C. Marticorena & E. Marchesi. (eds.) 2008. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares del Cono Sur. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 107(1–3): i–xcvi, 1–3348.


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