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Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is reported from throughout Europe except Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cyprus, Gibraltar, Greek Aegean Islands, Crete, FYR Macedonia, Monaco, Montenegro, Azores, Madeira, Selvagens Islands, Russian Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya, San Marino, Canary Islands and Svalbard and Jan Mayen (Norway). It also occurs in North Africa and Ethiopia and east through the Middle East and Indian sub-continent to China.

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N. Africa, Temperate Eurasia, Himalaya, East to W. China.
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National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Physical Description

Morphology

Elevation Range

2300-3100 m
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology

This species can occur in most wetland types, it is most typical of the margins of rivers and streams, even in temporary springs in the headwaters (such as winterbournes). It will also occur in the draw-down zones of lakes and ponds and in ditches and canals either where water is relatively shallow or the bank slopes are gentle enough to allow it to root in the margins. It is also not uncommon on wet rides in woodland.


Systems
  • Terrestrial
  • Freshwater
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Associations

Foodplant / feeds on
larva of Gymnetron beccabungae feeds on Veronica beccabunga

In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / parasite
Olpidium radicale parasitises live Veronica beccabunga

Foodplant / parasite
sporangium of Peronospora grisea parasitises live Veronica beccabunga
Remarks: season: 4-6
Other: major host/prey

Foodplant / open feeder
adult of Phaedon armoraciae grazes on live, perforated leaf of Veronica beccabunga
Remarks: season: 5-11

Foodplant / open feeder
imago of Prasocuris junci grazes on leaf of Veronica beccabunga

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Veronica beccabunga

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Veronica beccabunga

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 7
Specimens with Barcodes: 9
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Lansdown, R.V.

Reviewer/s
Tognelli, M. & García, N.

Contributor/s
Patzelt, A., Knees, S.G., Williams, L. & Neale, S.

Justification
This species is classed as Least Concern as it is widespread, able to exploit anthropogenic habitats and does not face any major threats.
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Population

Population

There is no information available on population trends in this species.


Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats

There are no known significant past, ongoing or future threats to this species.

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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions

There are no conservation measures in place and none needed.

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Wikipedia

Veronica beccabunga

Veronica beccabunga (brooklime, European speedwell) is a succulent herb belonging to the family Plantaginaceae. It grows on the margins of brooks and ditches in Europe, North Africa and north and western Asia. It can be found on other continents as an introduced species. It has smooth spreading branches, blunt oblong leaves and small bright blue or pink flowers.

The species name beccabunga is of uncertain origin, but it may come from the German bachbunge ("brook" + "bunch"), or the Flemish bechpunge ("mouth smart") for the tartness of the leaves.[1]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press 

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