The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S. (2014). Illex Steenstrup, 1880. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Carlini, D.B., L.K. Kunkle, and M. Vecchione. 2006. A molecular systematic evaluation of the squid genus Illex (Cephalopoda: Ommastrephidae) in the North Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Molec. Phylog. Evol. 41:496-502.
  • Hoyle, W. E. 1910. A list of the generic names of Dibranchiate Cephalopoda with their type species. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 32. 407-413
  • Roper, C.F.E., C. C. Lu, and M. Vecchione. 1998. Systematics and distribution of Illex species; a revision (Cephalopoda, Ommastrephidae). In: Voss, N.A., et al. (eds.) Systematics and Biogeography of Cephalopods. Smithson. Contr. Zool. 586:405-423.
  • Roper, Clyde F. E., C. C. Lu, and Michael Vecchione / N. A. Voss, M. Veccione et al., eds. 1998. A revision of the systematics and distribution of Illex species. Systematics and Biogeography of Cephalopods. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 586 (I-II). 405-423
  • Steenstrup, J. 1880. De Ommatostrephagtige Blaeksprutter indbyrdes Forhold. Oversigt over det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Forhandlinger, 1880. 73-110
  • Sweeney, M. J. and C. F. E. Roper / N. A. Voss, M. Vecchione, R. B. Toll and M. J. Sweeney, eds. 1998. Classification, type localities and type repositories of recent Cephalopoda. Systematics and Biogeography of Cephalopods. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 586 (I-II). 561-599


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