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Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Distribution: Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Central Asia, Afghanistan, and Pakistan.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Erect, up to 1 m tall herb, with appressed to ± patulous short hairy, densely leafy shoots from 5-10 mm thick woody rootstock. Leaves green, densely appressed hairy and punctate glandular; basal and lower stem leaves on 0 – 5 cm long, basally broadened petioles, oblong-lanceolate, 10 – 20 cm long, 3 – 7 cm wide, pinnatipartite with oblong, 10 – 20 x 5 – 10 mm, ± incised and acute segments, upper stem leaves pinnatifid, with short, obtusish segments. Capitula 30-50 or rarely more, on 2 – 8 mm long peduncles, in dense, 4 – 10 cm broad, unequally high corymbs. Involucre obovoid-oblong or oblong-cylindrical, 3.5 – 5 x 2.5 – 3.5 mm, basally attenuate, phyllaries pale to whitish-green, externally pubescent and gland dotted, outer linear-lanceolate, acute, inner triangular- lanceolate, ± acute to obtuse. Paleae oblong-lanceolate, shorter than the florets, membranous, glabrescent, acute. Ray-florets 2-4, with golden, 0.7 – 1 x 1.3 – 1.5 mm, 3-lobed limbs. Disc-florets 15-30, with 2 – 2. 5 mm long, yellow corolla tube. Cypselas oblong, 1.5 – 1.75 mm long, light brown.
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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

Tanacetum angulatum Willd., Tract. de Achilleis 52. 1789; Achillea eupatorium M. Bieb., Tabl. Prov. Casp. 119. 1798; A. ficifolia M. Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Cauc. 2: 338. 1808; Tanacetum angulare Willd., Tract. de Achilleis 52. 1789.
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flower/Fruit

Fl. Per.: July-August.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Achillea filipendulina

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Achillea filipendulina

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Wikipedia

Achillea filipendulina


Achillea filipendulina (common names yarrow, fernleaf yarrow, milfoil, nosebleed)[1] is a species of flowering herbaceous perennial plant in the Asteraceae family, native to the Caucasus Mountains, in southeastern Europe.

Description[edit source | edit]

It grows 4 ft (120 cm) high, with fern-like foliage. The leaves are linear, pinnate, lobed and serrated, hairy and rough. The flowers are arranged in corymbs, or panicles, of a complex character; they are very large, often 5 in (13 cm) across. The smaller corymbs are arched or convex, causing the cluster or compound corymb to present an uneven surface. In the species the small flowers are of rich 'old gold' yellow colour, and are very rigid, almost hard. The flowering period is mid to late summer.

Cultivation[edit source | edit]

A. filipendulina is cultivated in temperate regions as a flowering ornamental plant. Ordinary garden loam and other soils support its growth. It is best grown in full sun, and is drought tolerant when established. Propagation is by seed or root division in spring.[2]

The species has generally been superseded by numerous improved cultivars, of which the following have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:-

  • 'Cloth of Gold' (gold)[3]
  • 'Coronation Gold' (golden yellow)[4]
  • 'Credo' (pale yellow)[5]
  • 'Gold Plate' (gold)[6]
  • 'Heidi' (rose pink)[7]
  • 'Helios' (golden yellow)[8]
  • 'Hella Glashof' (yellow)[9]
  • A. × lewisii 'King Edward' (pale yellow)[10]
  • 'Lachsschönheit' (pink & white)[11]
  • 'Lucky Break' (pale yellow)[12]
  • 'Martina' (yellow)[13]
  • 'Mondpagode' (white)[14]
  • 'Moonshine' (yellow)[15]
  • 'Parker's Variety' (yellow)[16]
  • 'Summerwine' (crimson)[17]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. ^ Shorter Oxford English dictionary, 6th ed. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. 2007. p. 3804. ISBN 0199206872. 
  2. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  3. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea filipendulina 'Cloth of Gold'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Coronation Gold'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Credo'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  6. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea filipendulina 'Gold Plate'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Heidi'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  8. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Helios'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  9. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Hella Glashof'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  10. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea × lewisii 'King Edward'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Lachsschönheit' (Galaxy series)". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  12. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Lucky Break'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  13. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Martina'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  14. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Mondpagode'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  15. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Moonshine'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  16. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea filipendulina 'Parker's Variety'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
  17. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Achillea 'Summerwine'". Retrieved 14 July 2013. 
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Notes

Comments

A new record for the flora of Pakistan.
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