Overview

Brief Summary

Mussels (genus Mytilus) are one of the most cultivated and commercialized bivalves worldwide.  The species Mytilus edulis is the common Blue Mussel.

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Bob Corrigan

Supplier: Bob Corrigan

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 2898 specimens in 10 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 451 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): -14 - 408
  Temperature range (°C): -1.363 - 23.436
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.437 - 18.830
  Salinity (PPS): 6.095 - 36.284
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.113 - 8.544
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.048 - 1.740
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.824 - 50.947

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): -14 - 408

Temperature range (°C): -1.363 - 23.436

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.437 - 18.830

Salinity (PPS): 6.095 - 36.284

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.113 - 8.544

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.048 - 1.740

Silicate (umol/l): 1.824 - 50.947
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Associations

In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Animal / parasite
Pinnotheres pisum parasitises Mytilus

Animal / endozoite
immersed perithecium of Pyrenocollema halodytes lives within live shell of Mytilus

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Known predators

Mytilus (Mytilus, Balanus) is prey of:
Pagurus
Cancer
Polinices
Asterias
Myoxocephalus
Haematopus
Somateria
Laridae
Carcinus
Tautogolabrus
Actinopterygii
Aves
Mammalia
Carcinides
Fundulus

Based on studies in:
USA: Massachusetts, Cape Ann (Marine, Sublittoral)
Scotland, Ythan estuary (Estuarine)
USA: Maine, Gulf of Maine (Littoral, Rocky shore)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • R. W. Dexter, The marine communities of a tidal inlet at Cape Ann, Massachusetts: a study in bio-ecology, Ecol. Monogr. 17:263-294, from p. 272 (1947).
  • H. Milne and G. M. Dunnet, Standing crop, productivity and trophic relations of the fauna of the Ythan estuary. In: The Estuarine Environment, R. S. K. Barnes and J. Green, Eds. (Applied Science Publications, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1972), pp. 86-106, from
  • D. C. Edwards, D. O. Conover, F. Sutter, Mobile predators and the structure of marine intertidal communities, Ecology 63(4):1175-1180, from p. 1178 (1982).
  • R. W. Dexter, The marine communities of a tidal inlet at Cape Ann, Massachusetts: a study in bio-ecology, Ecol. Monogr. 17:263-294, from p. 278 (1947).
  • R. W. Dexter, The marine communities of a tidal inlet at Cape Ann, Massachusetts: a study in bio-ecology, Ecol. Monogr. 17:263-294, from p. 287 (1947).
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© SPIRE project

Source: SPIRE

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Known prey organisms

Mytilus (Mytilus, Balanus) preys on:
plankton
detritus
suspended organic matter

Based on studies in:
USA: Massachusetts, Cape Ann (Marine, Sublittoral)
USA: Maine, Gulf of Maine (Littoral, Rocky shore)
Scotland, Ythan estuary (Estuarine)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • R. W. Dexter, The marine communities of a tidal inlet at Cape Ann, Massachusetts: a study in bio-ecology, Ecol. Monogr. 17:263-294, from p. 272 (1947).
  • H. Milne and G. M. Dunnet, Standing crop, productivity and trophic relations of the fauna of the Ythan estuary. In: The Estuarine Environment, R. S. K. Barnes and J. Green, Eds. (Applied Science Publications, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1972), pp. 86-106, from
  • D. C. Edwards, D. O. Conover, F. Sutter, Mobile predators and the structure of marine intertidal communities, Ecology 63(4):1175-1180, from p. 1178 (1982).
  • R. W. Dexter, The marine communities of a tidal inlet at Cape Ann, Massachusetts: a study in bio-ecology, Ecol. Monogr. 17:263-294, from p. 278 (1947).
  • R. W. Dexter, The marine communities of a tidal inlet at Cape Ann, Massachusetts: a study in bio-ecology, Ecol. Monogr. 17:263-294, from p. 287 (1947).
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© SPIRE project

Source: SPIRE

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:1,569Public Records:1,276
Specimens with Sequences:1,421Public Species:85
Specimens with Barcodes:1,236Public BINs:30
Species:87         
Species With Barcodes:87         
          
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Barcode data

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Mytilus

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Mytilus (genus)

Mytilus edulis shells washed up on the beach

Mytilus is a cosmopolitan genus of medium to large-sized edible saltwater mussels, marine bivalve molluscs in the family Mytilidae.[1]

Mytilus mussel in California, showing the byssus threads

Species[edit]

Species within the genus Mytilus include:

Human use[edit]

Mytilus mussels are widely exploited as food and used in mariculture. For instance, in California, they have been consumed by coastal Native American people for almost 12 000 years. [2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A.W.B. Powell, New Zealand Mollusca, William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1979 ISBN 0-00-216906-1
  2. ^ Erlandson, Jon M., T.C. Rick, T.J. Braje, A. Steinberg, & R.L.Vellanoweth. 2008. Human Impacts on Ancient Shellfish: A 10,000 Year Record from San Miguel Island, California. Journal of Archaeological Science 35:2144-2152.
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!