Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Slender, climbing, perennial vine 2–6 m long or more, sparsely pubescent with unicellular curved trichomes on petiole, leaf, stem, sepal, and stipule, 0.20–0.64 mm long, 0.02–0.03 mm wide, also minutely antrorsely appressed-puberulent throughout with unicellular, curved trichomes, 0.03–0.12 mm long, 0.02–0.03 mm wide. Flowering stems 1.0–2.4 mm in diameter, terete to somewhat compressed, with the base woody and cork-covered. Stipules 2.5–6.0 mm long, 0.4–1.3 mm wide, narrowly ovate-triangular, acute; petioles 1.2–5.7 cm long, with 2 (rarely 3), opposite to subopposite, sessile, discoid nectaries with flat rims, 1.0–2.1 mm wide (on the widest axis), 0.3–1.3 mm high, borne in the proximal half of the petiole (0.34–0.54 of the distance from the base toward the apex of the petiole). Laminas 2.6–8.5 cm long, 6.5–23.5 cm wide, coriaceous, peltate (the distance from leaf base to point of petiole insertion 3.0–18.9 mm), transversely elliptic (widely divaricately bilobed) or sometimes 3-lobed, lateral lobes 3.7–12.9 cm long, 1.9–7.5 cm wide, elliptic, acute to attenuate, central lobe elliptic to obovate or present merely as a widely acute to obtuse tip (rarely retuse), central vein 1.8–7.0 cm long (measured from point of petiole insertion to the leaf apex), angle between the lateral lobes 132–188°, ratio of lateral lobe to central vein length 1.33–2.77, margins entire, hyaline, primary veins 3, diverging and branching above base, laminar nectaries present, 4–13, submarginal, associated with the minor veins of the abaxial surface, with 2–4 nectaries proximal to the lateral leaf veins, 0.5–1.4 mm in diameter, circular to widely elliptic, sessile; juvenile leaves bilobed and variegated, the variegation seen in some clones at maturity; tendril 0.3–1.0 mm wide, present at flowering node, absent in inflorescence. Flowers borne in leaf axils or inflorescences; inflorescences 2.0–18.5(-25.1) cm long, associated reduced laminas 2.0–4.3 mm long, 1.5–3.1 mm wide. Pedicels 1.9–15.8 mm long, 0.4–0.9 mm wide, 2 per node; bract(s) absent; spur(s) absent. Flowers 18.4–33.4 mm in diameter with stipe 3.1–8.6(-9.4) mm long, 0.5–1.3 mm wide; hypanthium 5.4–8.2 mm in diameter; sepals 6.5–13.3 mm long, 2.9–6.3 mm wide, ovate-triangular, acute to rounded, abaxially and adaxially greenish yellow; coronal filaments in 2 series, the outer 40–51, 5.5–8.4 mm long, 0.3–0.7(-0.8)mm wide, linear, more or less erect, very dark reddish purple (5RP 3/2) on proximal third, greenish yellow (5GY 8/4) on middle third, yellow on distal third (5Y 8/10), ratio of outer coronal row to sepal length 0.59–0.94, the inner 27–40, 2.3–3.8 mm long, 0.2–0.5(-0.6) mm wide, linear, capitate, erect, greenish yellow with a flush of very dark reddish purple at base, ratio of inner coronal row to outer coronal row length 0.35–0.52; operculum 1.2–2.0 mm long, plicate, greenish yellow with a flush of very dark reddish purple at base, the margin white with narrow minutely fimbrillate teeth; nectary 0.1–0.5(-0.6) mm high, 0.5–1.2(-2.9) mm wide; limen not recurved but inclined toward the operculum, 0.1–0.5(-0.7) mm high, 0.1–0.4(-0.5) mm wide, very dark red (5R 2.5/2), limen floor 2.5–5.1 mm in diameter, very dark red; androgynophore (2.1-)3.5–6.0 mm long, 0.4–1.3(-1.5) mm wide, the distal half dark red then greenish yellow with dark red spots and streaks; free portions of the staminal filaments 1.5–2.8 mm long, 0.5–0.9 mm wide, linear, greenish yellow; anthers 1.9–2.9 mm long, 0.6–1.5(-1.9) mm wide; styles 1.8–4.9(-5.4) mm long including stigmas, 0.2–0.5 mm wide, greenish yellow; stigmas 0.8–1.7 mm in diameter; ovary 1.6–2.7 mm long, 1.1–2.1 mm wide, widely ellipsoid to globose, greenish yellow. Berry (12.4-)18–23.1 mm long, (13.4-)18.4–33.0 mm in diameter, globose, very dark purple. Seeds ca. 40–50, 1.8–4.8 mm long, 2.1–2.9 mm wide, 1.5–2.1 mm thick, obovate in outline, acute at both ends, reticulate-foveate with each face marked with ca. 12–17(-19) foveae. Germination epigeal.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Kristen Porter-Utley

Source: PhytoKeys

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Distribution

Mexico and Central America (except Costa Rica and Panama). Growing in shrubs, trees or trailing on the ground in secondary successional areas, along the edges of semideciduous to deciduous, dry to wet tropical forests, both inland and near the seashore, 0–1171 m.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Kristen Porter-Utley

Source: PhytoKeys

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Perú, and Venezuela; reported once from Guyana (Lejos 43, B, destroyed). Growing in shrubs and small trees in secondary successional areas, along the edges of moist tropical forests near rivers and streams, and along the seashore, 0–1500 m.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Kristen Porter-Utley

Source: PhytoKeys

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

 Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Perú, and Venezuela; reported once from Guyana (Lejos 43, B, destroyed). Growing in shrubs and small trees in secondary successional areas, along the edges of moist tropical forests near rivers and streams, and along the seashore, 0–1500 m.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Kristen Porter-Utley

Source: PhytoKeys

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Passiflora coriacea

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Passiflora coriacea

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Passiflora coriacea

Passiflora coriacea, commonly known as the wild sweet calabash or bat leaved passion flower, is a strange tropical vine with very distinct leaves in the shape of bats' wings. It also has purple oval or circle shaped fruit that are mainly ornamental. It is a fast-growing vine to several feet. Leaves are dark green and often with splotches of light-green. White-yellow flowers with the typically ornate Passiflora appearance form when weather is warm.


Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!