Scientists aim to describe a single 'tree of life' that reflects the evolutionary relationships of living things. However, evolutionary relationships are a matter of ongoing discovery, and there are different opinions about how living things should be grouped and named. EOL reflects these differences by supporting several different scientific 'classifications'. Some species have been named more than once. Such duplicates are listed under synonyms. EOL also provides support for common names which may vary across regions as well as languages.

Preferred marks the preferred classification for this taxon.

Recognized By Rank Classification
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013
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IUCN Red List
BOLDS resource for species-level taxa
Botany resource
DiscoverLife map resource
  • Pelliciera rhizophorae
EOL Group on Flickr
INBio resource
BOLDS images II Species
NCBI Taxonomy
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NMNH Botany Elevation Data (Summarized) Species
CIEE Tropical Ecology and Conservation Program Spring 2013
IUCN Structured Data
Tropicos resource
Tropicos resource Species
World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS)
view in classification


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

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