The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Clark, H. L. (1922). The holothurians of the genus Stichopus. Bul. Mus. Comp. Zool. Cambridge Mass. 65(No. 3): pp. 39-74.
  • Paulay, G.; Hansson, H. (2013). Parastichopus Clark, 1922. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Straughan, Dale, and Richard W. Klink. 1980. A Taxonomic Listing of Common Marine Invertebrate Species from Southern California. Technical Reports of the Allan Hancock Foundation, no. 3. vi + 281


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