Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Shrub or small tree with drooping branches. Stipules leaf-like. Leaves opposite, lanceolate, grey-green above and with a typically wrinkled appearance (reminiscent of the cultivated Sage, Salvia officinalis L., from which the species name is derived), greyish white below. Flowers in large terminal, pyramidal heads, creamy white, lilac or purple; sweetly scented. Fruit an ovoid capsule, 4-5 mm long, protruding about halfway from the persistent calyx.
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Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Derivation of specific name

salviifolia: leaves like Salvia
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Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Distribution

Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Buddleja salviifolia (L.) Lam.:
South Africa (Africa & Madagascar)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
  • Gibbs Russell, G. E., W. G. Welman, E. Reitief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. v. Wyk & A. Nicholas. 1987. List of species of southern African plants. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa 2(1–2): 1–152(pt. 1), 1–270(pt. 2).   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1371 External link.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO 63110 USA

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Worldwide distribution

Tanzania to South Africa.
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Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Ecology

Population Biology

Frequency

Common in the E Highlands
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Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Buddleja salviifolia

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 8
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Buddleja salviifolia

Buddleja salviifolia, common names Sage Bush, Sagewood is endemic to much of southern and eastern Africa, from Kenya and Angola south, where it grows on rocky hillsides, along forest margins and watercourses. The species was described and named by Lamarck in 1792.[1][2]

Description[edit]

B. salviifolia, white form. Longstock Park Nursery

Buddleja salviifolia is a large, semi-evergreen shrub, multi-stemmed, with untidy, drooping branches, typically reaching a height of 4 – 8  m. The bark is grey-brown and stringy. The shoots are quadrangular in section, and covered with a dense reddish-brown indumentum. The distinctive leaves, with their rugose upper surfaces, bear a resemblance to those of sage, hence the specific epithet. The leaf is sessile to shortly petiolate, the blade narrowly ovate to narrowly oblong, long acuminate to an acute apex, and cordate at the base. The inflorescences are terminal conical panicles approximately 12 × 8 cm, with occasional auxiliary heads appearing in autumn. The flowers range in colour from white, through cream and mauve to purple; the corollas relatively short, at just 4  mm.[1] However, the most striking feature of the flowers is considered to be their scent, judged by some to the best of all the buddlejas, and even bearing comparison with Chanel perfume. Hardiness: USDA zone 8.[3]

Cultivation[edit]

The species is not so common in cultivation because often sell in U.K under this name is Buddleja myriantha, a chinese species, which is more frost hardy. Moderately frost hardy and tolerant of dry soils, it is grown in the UK, however its large size and ungainly habit, in the worst buddleja 'bent hatstand' tradition, render it a choice for the larger garden only. Several specimens form part of the NCCPG national collection held by Longstock Park Nursery, near Stockbridge in Hampshire.[3]

Uses[edit]

Decoctions of the plant are believed to have various medicinal benefits in its native lands. The wood, hard and heavy, has traditionally been used for assegais and fishing rods. Otherwise, it is used as fuel, and for hedging.[3]

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