Glossary for Ailanthus altissima

  • Acid mine drainage
    A mine drainage with an acidic pH.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001997
  • Agricultural feature
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000077
  • Anthropogenic habitat
    A habitat that is in or on an environmental feature or material derived from human activity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002031
  • Arid
    An arid condition is an environmental condition in which annual precipitation is less than half of annual potential evapotranspiration.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000230
  • Bar
    A linear shoaling landform feature within a body of water. Bars tend to be long and narrow (linear) and develop where a current (or waves) promote deposition of granular material, resulting in localized shallowing (shoaling) of the water. Bars can appear in the sea, in a lake, or in a river. They are typically composed of sand, although could be of any granular matter that the moving water has access to and is capable of shifting around (for example, soil, silt, gravel, cobble, shingle, or even boulders). The grain size of the material comprising a bar is related: to the size of the waves or the strength of the currents moving the material, but the availability of material to be worked by waves and currents is also important.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000167
  • Canopy
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000047
  • Canyon
    Relatively narrow, deep depression with steep sides, the bottom of which generally has a continuous slope.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000169
  • City
    Incorporated populated place.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000856
  • Cliff
    A high, steep, or overhanging face of rock.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000087
  • Coal mine
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002169
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
  • Cold temperature habitat
    A biome characterized by an average temperature of 15deg C or lower. Inhabited by psychrophilic (cryophilic) organisms.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002026
  • Coniferous forest biome
    A coniferous forest biome is a forest biome which contains densely packed populations or communities of coniferous trees, strongly limiting light penetration to the forest floor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000196
  • Cut
    An excavation of the Earth's surface to provide passage for a road, railway, canal, etc.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000474
  • Desert
    A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000097
  • Ditch
    A small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000037
  • Drainage basin
    A regions or area bounded by drainage divides and occupied by a drainage system; specifically the tract of country that gathers water originating as precipitation and contributes it to a particular stream channel or system of channels, or to a lake, reservoir, or other body of water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000291
  • Elevation
    The original description of the elevation (altitude, usually above sea level) of the Location.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimElevation
  • Elevation
    A landform elevated above the surrounding area.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000176
  • Estuary
    A semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000045
  • Extant
    This taxon is still in existence, as opposed to extinct.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extant_taxon
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/extant
  • Extinction status
    Indicates whether a taxon is extant (living today) or extinct.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ExtinctionStatus
  • Flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
  • Freshwater marsh
    A marsh associated with water that contains low concentrations of salts.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000053
  • Garden
    An enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000011
  • Geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
  • Grassland
    An area in which grasses (Graminae) are a significant component of the vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000106
  • Habitat
    A category or description of the habitat in which the Event occurred.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/habitat
  • Has predator
    is consumed for energetic or other nutritional needs (by another organism)
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Predation
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasPredator
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ecological_interaction
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ecological_interaction
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
  • Landfill
    A site at which refuse is dumped, normally filling a natural or artificial depression.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000533
  • Large river biome
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000887
  • Limestone
    A sedimentary rock composed largely of the mineral calcite.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002053
  • Loam
    A soil composed of sand, silt, and clay in relatively even concentration (about 40-40-20% concentration respectively).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002258
  • M
    Meters. A length unit which is equal to the length of the path traveled by light in vacuum during a time interval of 1/299 792 458 of a second.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000008
  • Marine terrace
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000509
  • Marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
  • Meadow
    A habitat of rolling or flat terrain where grasses predominate. Typically, what is called a meadow has more biodiversity than a grassland as the former contains not only grasses but a significant variety of annual, biennial and perennial plants.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000108
  • Mine
    An excavation in the Earth for the purpose of extracting earth materials.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000076
  • Mount
    A mountain or a hill.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000477
  • Mount
    A mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island. Typically formed from volcanoes that rise abruptly and are usually found rising from a seafloor of 1,000 - 4,000 meters depth. Independent features that rise to at least 1,000 meters above the seafloor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000264
  • Mountain
    A landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill, but there is no universally accepted standard definition for the height of a mountain or a hill although a mountain usually has an identifiable summit and a local relief of more than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000081
  • National forest
    A protected forest or woodland area in the United States. National forests are controlled by the federal government and managed by the United States Forest Service, under the direction of the United States Department of Agriculture.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000360
  • National park
    A reserve of land, usually, but not always declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. National parks are a protected area of IUCN category II.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000367
  • Non-marine
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nonMarine
  • Plain
    A region of general uniform slope, comparatively level, and of considerable extent.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000086
  • Plantation
    An intentional planting of a crop, on a large scale, usually for uses other than cereal production or pasture. The term is currently most often used for plantings of trees and shrubs. The term tends also to be used for plantings maintained on economic bases other than that of subsistence farming.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000117
  • Plateau
    An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
  • Railway
    A permanent way having one or more rails which provides a track for cars.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000065
  • Reservoir
    An artificial body of water, often contained by a dam, constructed for the purpose of water storage.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000025
  • Ridge
    A long and narrow upland with steep sides.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000283
  • River
    Natural freshwater surface streams of considerable volume and a permanent or seasonal flow, moving in a definite channel toward a sea, lake, or another river; any large streams, or ones larger than brooks or creeks, such as the trunk stream and larger branches of a drainage system.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000022
  • River bank
    The sloping margin of a river, serving to confine it to its natural channel.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000143
  • Road
    An open way for the passage of vehicles, persons, or animals on land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000064
  • Road cut
    A cut to provide passage for a road.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000515
  • Rock
    A mass of the mineral material of the crust of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001995
  • Sand
    A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
  • Scree
    Broken rock that appears at the bottom of crags, mountain cliffs or valley shoulders.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000194
  • Scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
  • Shale
    A fine-grained sedimentary rock whose original constituents were clays or muds. It is characterized by thin laminae breaking with an irregular curving fracture, often splintery and usually parallel to the often-indistinguishable bedding plane.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002056
  • Slope
    The part of an elevation or depression between the relatively flat surrounding area and the peak of a mount or the bottom of a depression.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002000
  • Soil
    Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
  • Stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
  • Subterrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is below the surface of the earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000572
  • Subtropical
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000205
  • Swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
  • Temperate
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000206
  • Tropical
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000204
  • Valley
    A depression caused by erosion by water or ice. Low-lying land bordered by higher ground; especially elongate, relatively large gently sloping depressions of the Earth's surface, commonly situated between two mountains or between ranges of hills or mountains, and often containing a stream with an outlet.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000100
  • Wadi
    A valley or ravine, bounded by relatively steep banks, which in the rainy season becomes a watercourse.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000031
  • Waste
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002264
  • Watercourse
    A flowing body of water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000029
  • Wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
  • Wildlife management area
    A protected area with the purpose of protecting and managing wild life.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000374
  • Wood
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002040
  • Woodland
    Land having a cover of trees, shrubs, or both.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000109

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